maandag 25 december 2017

The Merry Sleigh (1843) / The Merry Sleigh Ride (1844) / One Horse Open Sleigh (1857) / Jingle Bells (1859) / Sleigh Ride Party (1898)

"Jingle Bells" is one of the best-known and commonly sung American Christmas songs in the world. It was written by James Lord Pierpont (1822–1893) and published under the title "One Horse Open Sleigh" in the autumn of 1857.

Music for the Nation: American Sheet Music, 1820-1860

062.044 - The One Horse Open Sleigh. Song and Chorus. | Levy Music Collection

It has been claimed that it was originally written to be sung by a Sunday school choir; however, historians dispute this, stating that it was much too "racy" (and secular) to be sung by a children's church choir in the days it was written.

The original sheet music, under the name "One Horse Open Sleigh", was dedicated to "John P. Ordway, the founder of Ordway’s Aeolian Minstrel Troupe, a detail that has often gone unnoticed". Ordway’s theater in Boston Massachusetts was the site of the first-ever public performance of "Jingle Bells" on September 15, 1857, when the blackface minstrel Johnny Pell sang the song in a bit entitled, “Dandy Darkies.”

History of Jingle Bells | BU Today | Boston University

Mrs. Otis Waterman, one of Pierpoint's friends, described the song as a "merry little jingle", which became part of its new name when published in 1859 under the revised title of "Jingle Bells, or the One Horse Open Sleigh."

1448384297557 (611×768)

062.029 - Jingle Bells, or, The One Horse Open Sleigh. Song & Chorus. | Levy Music Collection

Jingle Bells - Wikipedia

Jingle Bells

But years before "Jingle Bells" was written, in 1849, blackface minstrel troupes performed a song titled "Darkie(s) Sleighing Party", also called "Jingle Jingle Clear The Way" or "Jingle, Jingle All The Way" and or "The Merry Sleigh Ride"

Early Sports and Pop Culture History Blog: Handbells, Cowbells and Jingle Bells - a History of American Handbell Choirs

Here's a song sheet from 1851:

A playbill from Ordway’s Aeolians dated 7 December 1853 includes “Jingle, Jingle—Clear de Way”, sung by S.C. Howard.

A playbill from 21 January 1854 includes “Jingle, Jingle, All the Way,” also sung by S. C. Howard.

In a playbill from Kunkel’s Nightingale Opera Troupe in New York dated 22 April 1853, and others for 7 and 9 January 1854, the song is listed as the “Darkies Sleighing Party” sung by Harry Lehr. The earlier performance includes the directions “with imitations.”

Inspiration for all these versions could have come from a poem titled "The Merry Sleigh", lyrics written by Lieutenant G.W. Patten and published in The Ladies Companion and Literary Expositor vol. 20 (December 1843);view=1up;seq=171

With music by I.B. Woodbury, it was published in Boston in 1844: "The Merry Sleigh ride"

The first recorded version of the song came about in 1889, released on an Edison North American cylinder.

According to the Edison "Musical Cylinder Accounts", on September 30, 1889, banjo-player Will Lyle was the first artist to record "Banjo Jingles", also the first Christmas record, although no known copies of this record survive.
One of the earliest vocal examples of "Jingle Bells" does survive on an Edison brown wax cylinder entitled, "Sleigh Ride Party".
That version was recorded almost 9 years later by the Edison Male Quartette.

(c) Edison Male Quartette (1898) (incorporated in "Sleighride Party")
Jere Mahoney (T), John H. Bieling (T), Samuel H. Dudley (Bar), William F. Hooley (Bs)
Recorded June 1898 in New York
Released on Edison Gold Moulded Cylinder #2218

Listen here:  Edison_Male_Quartette_-_03_-_Sleigh_Ride_Party_Jingle_Bells_1898.mp3

In 1902, almost the same Quartette made a recording of "Sleighride Party", released on the same Edison Cylinder #2218.
Only difference: Harry MacDonough had replaced Jere Mahoney, and the name of the group was changed to Haydn Quartette.

On the next link you can listen to various versions of the same release-number #2218 (some acapella and some with piano-accompaniment)

Edison Gold Moulded Record: 2218.. Edison Male Quartette. | UCSB Cylinder Audio Archive

(o) Greater New York Quartet (1898) (incorporated in "The Sleigh Ride Party")
Released on Columbia Brown Wax Cylinder #9040

COLUMBIA cylinders numerical listing discography: 8000 - 9999 - 12/2000 Cylinder of the Month

Listen here:

(c) Greater New York Quartet (with Len Spencer) (1898) (incorporated in "The Sleigh Ride Party")
Released on Columbia Brown Wax Cylinder # 9040

COLUMBIA cylinders numerical listing discography: 8000 - 9999

Listen here:

The Haydn Quartette also recorded several versions for the Columbia-label and for the Victor-label.

(c) Invincible Quartette (=Haydn Quartet) (1902) (incorporated in "The Sleigh Ride Party")
Released on Columbia Disc Record #450

Columbia matrix 450. The sleigh ride party / Columbia Quartette - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Listen here:

(c) Haydn Quartet) (1901) (incorporated in "A Sleighride Party")
Recorded February 7, 1901 in Camden, New Jersey
Released on Victor Monarch #3088

Victor matrix [Pre-matrix B-]3088. Sleigh ride party / Haydn Quartet - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Browse All Recordings | Sleigh ride party, Take [1] (1901-02-07) | National Jukebox

Listen here:

(c) Haydn Quartet) (1904) (incorporated in "Sleighride Party")
Recorded January 28, 1904
Released on Victor 658

Victor matrix B-985. Sleighride party / Haydn Quartet - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Browse All Recordings | Sleighride party, Take 2 (1904-01-28) | National Jukebox

Listen here:

(c) Columbia Mixed Quartette (1915)  (incorporated in "Medley Of Old-Time Songs")
Recorded July 24, 1915
Released on Columbia A-1811

Medley of Old Time Songs : Columbia Mixed Quartette : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive

Columbia matrix 45879. In the gloaming / Columbia Mixed Quartette - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Columbia A Series numerical listing discography: A1500 - A2000

Listen here (at 2 min and 24 sec):  Medley of Old Time Songs : Columbia Mixed Quartette

(c) Victor Male Chorus (1916)  (incorporated in "Favorite College Songs")
Recorded July 7, 1916 in Camden, New Jersey
Released on Victor 35573

Browse All Recordings | Favorite college songs, Take 3 (1916-07-07) | National Jukebox

Victor matrix C-18078. Favorite college songs / Victor Male Chorus - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Listen here:

The first "complete" version of "Jingle Bells", with the familiar title, I could find:

(c) Shannon Quartet (1925) (as "Jingle Bells")
Recorded August 21, 1925 in Camden, New Jersey
Released on Victor 19791

Victor matrix BVE-33090. Jingle bells / Shannon Quartet - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Listen here:

In 1935 Benny Goodman's instrumental version was the first act to hit the US Charts.

(c) Benny Goodman and his Orchestra (1935)
Recorded July 1, 1935 in New York
Released on Victor 25145

Victor matrix BS-92549. Jingle bells / Benny Goodman Orchestra - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Listen here:

In 1941 a vocal version by Glenn Miller also made the US Charts (#5)

(c) Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (1941)
Recorded October 20, 1941.
Released on Bluebird 11353

78 RPM - Glenn Miller - Jingle Bells / Santa Claus Is Coming To Town - Bluebird - USA - B-11353

Glenn Miller And His Orchestra / Alvino Rey And His Orchestra* - Jingle Bells / Santa Claus Is Comin' To Town (Shellac) at Discogs

Listen here:

The version by Bing Crosby (with the Andrews Sisters) hit the US Charts twice (in 1943 and 1947)

(c) Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (1943)
Recorded September 29, 1943
Released on Decca 23281

78 RPM - Bing Crosby And The Andrews Sisters - Jingle Bells / Santa Claus Is Comin' To Town - Decca - USA - 23281

Bing Crosby And The Andrews Sisters With Vic Schoen And His Orchestra - Jingle Bells / Santa Claus Is Comin' To Town (Shellac) at Discogs

Listen here:

(c) Lisette Jambel (1948)  (as "Vive Le Vent")
French lyrics by Francis Blanche
Released on Pathe PA 2584

Encyclopédisque - Disque : Vive le vent / Le petit horloger

Lisette Jambel - Vive Le Vent / Le Petit Horloger (Shellac) at Discogs

Listen here;

Even The Beatles sang a snippet of the song in their 1965 Christmas Record.

Listen here;

More versions here:

Cover versions of Jingle Bells written by James Pierpont | SecondHandSongs

And here:

The Originals © by Arnold Rypens - JINGLE BELLS

woensdag 13 december 2017

Ar Hyd y Nos (1746) / The Live Long Night (1800's) / All Through The Night (1873)

"Ar Hyd y Nos" (English: "All Through the Night") is a Welsh song sung to a tune that was published on page 151/152 in Edward Jones' "Musical and Poetical Relics of the Welsh Bards" (1784).
The 1784 Edward Jones version is not the one we're familiar with nowadays. This applies to both the Welsh and English version, both on the same page (SEE BELOW)

      Er bod rhai yn taeru'n galed
      Ar hyd y nos
      Ddarfod imi golli'nghariad
      Ar hyd y nos
      Minnau sydd heb fedru coelio
      Imi golli'nghariad etto
      Imi golli'nghariad etto
      Ar hyd y nos

      Fain would some with vows persuade me
      Ar hyd y nos
      That my faithful swain has fled me
      Ar hyd y nos
      But my beating heart will falter
      Ere it thinks his heart can alter,
      Ere it thinks his heart can alter,
      Ar hyd y nos

On page 185 the English version is listed separately:

In 1799 this version was also published in the US by J. Hewitt in New York (with an extra verse)

      Fain would some with vows persuade me
      That my faithful Swain has fled me
      But my beating heart will falter
      Ere it thinks that his can alter,
      Ere it thinks that his can alter,

      He's so constant I believe him
      He'd be true did I deceive him
      And I would not give him credit
      He were false altho he did it

But William Roberts is likely responsible for the earliest notation of this air published in "Ffrewyll y Methodistiaid" (English: "Whipping The Methodists"), an anti-Methodist anterliwt, written in 1746.

Between 1799 and 1805 Joseph Haydn (1732 - 1809) wrote an arrangement to the tune with new words by Matthew Gregory Lewis (1775 - 1818) (better known as "Monk Lewis")
In Anthony van Hoboken's List of Works by Joseph Haydn it is Hob.XXXIb:9 "Ar Hyd Y Nos (The Live Long Night)"

Listen here:

In 1862 John Thomas compiled a series of books called "Welsh Melodies with Welsh and English Poetry". It was a collaborative work with John Jones (Talhaiarn) creating the Welsh words and Thomas Oliphant writing the English (which was often not a translation) and authored by John Thomas the Welsh composer and harpist. There were four volumes, the first two published in 1862, the third in 1870 and the fourth in 1874.
"Ar Hyd Y Nos" was published as song #3 on page 19 in Vol 1.

Exhibitions > Past Images of the Month :: Museum of Music History

Here are Thomas Oliphant's lyrics written in 1862:

(1) While the moon her watch is keeping
      All through the night
      While the weary world is sleeping
      All through the night
      O'er my bosom gently stealing
      Visions of delight revealing
      Breathes a pure and holy feeling
      All through the night.

(2) Fondly then I dream of thee, Love
      All through the night
      Waking, still thy form I see, Love
      All through the night
      When this mortal coil is over
      Will thy gentle spirit hover
      O'er the bed where sleeps thy lover
      All through the night.

THE SONG BOOK - online book, page 0429

The most commonly sung Welsh lyrics were written by John Ceiriog Hughes (1832-1887), published in 1873 in "Songs of Wales" by Brinley Richards, Boosey & Co, London. The English lyrics for this version were written by Walter Maynard (=Thomas Willert Beale)

Here are John Ceiriog Hughes lyrics written in 1873

      Holl amrantau'r sêr ddywedant
      Ar hyd y nos
      "Dyma'r ffordd i fro gogoniant,"
      Ar hyd y nos.
      Golau arall yw tywyllwch
      I arddangos gwir brydferthwch
      Teulu'r nefoedd mewn tawelwch
      Ar hyd y nos.

      O mor siriol, gwena seren
      Ar hyd y nos
      I oleuo'i chwaer ddaearen
      Ar hyd y nos.
      Nos yw henaint pan ddaw cystudd
      Ond i harddu dyn a'i hwyrddydd
      Rhown ein golau gwan i'n gilydd
      Ar hyd y nos.

Here are Walter Maynard's lyrics written in 1873

(3) Love, fear not if sad thy dreaming
      All through the night,
      Through o'ercast, bright stars are gleaming
      All through the night.
      Joy will come to thee at morning,
      Life with sunny hope adorning,
      Though sad dreams may give dark warning
      All through the night.

(4) Angels watching ever round thee
      All through the night,
      In thy slumbers close surround thee
      All through the night.
      They should of all fear disarm thee,
      No forebodings should alarm thee,
      They will let no peril harm thee,
      All through the night.

The Songs of Wales (Richards, Brinley) - IMSLP



The most commonly sung English lyrics were written in 1884 by Sir Harold Boulton (1859-1935)
Here's sheetmusic published in 1897 in Cincinnati, OH

(5) Sleep my love and peace attend thee
      All through the night
      Guardian angels God will lend thee
      All through the night
      Soft the drowsy hours are creeping
      Hill and vale in slumber steeping
      Love alone his watch is keeping
      All through the night

(6) Though I roam a minstrel lonely
      All through the night
      My true harp shall praise thee only
      All through the night
      Love's young dream, alas, is over
      Yet my strains of love shall hover
      Near the presence of my lover
      All through the night

(7) Hark, a solemn bell is ringing
      Clear through the night
      Thou, my love, art heavenward winging
      Home through the night
      Earthly dust from off thee shaken
      Soul immortal thou shalt waken
      With thy last dim journey taken
      Home through the night. All Through the Night

Sir Harold Boulton, 2nd Baronet - Wikipedia

NPG x105677; Sir Harold Boulton, 2nd Bt - Portrait - National Portrait Gallery

All Through the Night

Early in the 20th Century most recorded versions use the Harold Boulton lyrics (5) + (6) + (7),
In 1914 Julia Culp was one of the few to use the complete Thomas Oliphant lyrics (1) + (2).
Starting in the sixties most versions start with Boulton verse (5) and incorporate the Thomas Oliphant verse (1).
In 1998 Priscilla Herdman even used lyrics from 3 poets: Boulton (5) + Oliphant (1) and Maynard (4)

Oldest Welsh version I could find:

(o) Madge Breese (1899)  (as "Ar Hyd y Nos")
(John Ceiriog Hughes lyrics) Welsh
Recorded March 11, 1899 in London
Released on Berliner Gramophone 3099

Listen here:

(c) Harry MacDonough (1905)  (as "All Through The Night")
Harold Boulton lyrics (5) + (7)
Recorded October 27, 1905
Released on Victor 5102

Image and video hosting by TinyPic

Victor matrix B-2848. All through the night / Harry Macdonough - Discography of American Historical Recordings

All through the night - Public Domain Media Database

Listen here:

(c) Evan Williams (1906) (as "All Though The Night")
Harold Boulton lyrics (5) + (7)
Recorded February 2, 1906 in London
Matrix 3495e
Released on Gramophone Concert Record # G.C. 3-2426

Image and video hosting by TinyPic

Listen here:

(c) Henry Burr (1906)  (No 5 hit USA)
Harold Boulton lyrics (5) + (7)

Columbia matrix 3498. All through the night / Henry Burr - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Listen here:  HenryBurr1906/AllThroughTheNight1906.mp3

(c) Julia Culp (1914)
Thomas Oliphant lyrics (1) + (2)
Recorded March 4, 1914 in Camden, New Jersey
Released on Victor 64414

Victor matrix B-14372. All through the night / Julia Culp - Discography of American Historical Recordings

All Through the Night : Julia Culp : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive

Listen here:  All Through the Night - Julia Culp.mp3

(c) Geraldine Farrar (1916)
Harold Boulton lyrics (5) + (6) + (7)
Recorded May 23, 1916 in Camden, New Jersey
Released on Victrola 87254

Browse All Recordings | All through the night, Take 1 (1916-05-23) | National Jukebox

All Through the Night : Geraldine Farrar : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive

Listen here:  All Through the Night - Geraldine Farrar.mp3

(c) Charles Harrison (1920)
Harold Boulton lyrics (5) + (7)

All Through the Night (Old Welsh Air) : Charles Harrison and Male Trio : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive

Listen here:  All Through the Night - Charles Harrison and Male Trio.mp3

(c) Henry Kirby Davies (1922) (as "Ar Hyd y Nos")
(John Ceiriog Hughes lyrics) Welsh
Recorded March 3, 1922 in New York
Released on Victor 73317

Victor matrix B-26232. Ar hyd y nos / Henry Kirby Davies - Discography of American Historical Recordings

(c) Shannon Four (1926)
Harold Boulton lyrics (5) + (7) (Although the label says Maynard)
Recorded November 1920

All Through The Night : Shannon Four : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive

Listen here:  All Through The Night - Shannon Four - Maynard.mp3

(c) Paul Robeson (1937)
Harold Boulton lyrics (5) + (6) + (7)
Recorded October 18, 1937 in Abbey Road Studio No.1 in London
Released on HMV B-8668

Paul Robeson - Still Night, Holy Night / All Through The Night (Shellac) at Discogs

78 RPM - Paul Robeson - Still Night, Holy Night / All Through The Night - His Master's Voice - UK - B.8668

 Listen here:

(c) Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra (1938)
Harold Boulton lyric (5)

All Through the Night (Toda la Noche) : Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive

Listen here:   All Through the Night - Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra.mp3

(c) Kingston Trio (1960)
Harold Boulton lyric (5) + an adapted Thomas Oliphant lyric (1) + 1 verse with own lyrics

Vinyl Album - The Kingston Trio - The Last Month Of The Year - Capitol - USA

Listen here:

(c) Mystics (1960) with a young Jerry Landis (=Paul Simon)
With own adapted English lyrics by Kal Mann.

45cat - The Mystics [New York] - All Through The Night / (I Begin) To Think Again Of You - Laurie - USA - 3047

Listen here:

(c) Jo Stafford and Gordon Macrae (1963)
Harold Boulton lyric (5) + Thomas Oliphant lyric (1)

Jo Stafford - Gordon MacRae - There's Peace In The Valley (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

Listen here:

(c) Vera Lynn (1963)
Harold Boulton lyrics (5) + (6)

45cat - Vera Lynn - By Special Request - His Master's Voice - UK

Listen here:

(c) Peter, Paul and Mary (1969)
Harold Boulton lyric (5) + Walter Maynard lyric (4)

Vinyl Album - Peter, Paul And Mary - Peter, Paul And Mommy - Warner Bros. - USA

Listen here:

(c) Harpers Bizarre (1969)
Adapted own lyrics by (Scoppertone/Petersen/Templeman)

Harpers Bizarre All Through The Night Lyrics

Vinyl Album - Harpers Bizarre - Harpers Bizarre 4 - Warner Bros. - USA

Listen here:

(c) Judy Collins (1990)
Harold Boulton lyric (5) + Thomas Oliphant lyric (1)

Baby's Bedtime - Judy Collins | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic

Listen here:

(c) Priscilla Herdman (1998)
Harold Boulton lyric (5) + Walter Maynard lyric (4) + Thomas Oliphant lyric (1)

Priscilla Herdman Discography - Albums for the Family

Listen here:

(c) Nancy Wilson (2001)
Same lyrics as the Kingston Trio (1960)
Harold Boulton lyric (5) + an adapted Thomas Oliphant lyric (1) + 1 verse with Kingston Trio lyrics

Listen here:

(c) Olivia Newton-John featuring Michael McDonald (2007)
Harold Boulton lyric (5) + Thomas Oliphant lyric (1) + The 1960 Kingston Trio adapted Oliphant lyric (1)

Christmas Wish (Olivia Newton-John album) - Wikipedia

Listen here:

(c) Sheryl Crow (2008)
Harold Boulton lyric (5) + Thomas Oliphant lyric (1) + Harold Boulton lyrics (6) + (7)

CD Album - Sheryl Crow - Home For Christmas - Hallmark - USA

Listen here:

(c) Alan Stivell (2009)  (as "An hirañ noz")
Alan Stivell sings the song in Breton, Welsh and English on his 23rd album Emerald

Emerald (Alan Stivell album) - Wikipedia

Listen here:

(c) Heart and Richard Marx (2014)
Harold Boulton lyric (5) + (an amalgam of Walter Maynard lyric (4) and Harold Boulton lyric(1)) + Thomas Oliphant lyric (1)

Heart & Friends - Home For The Holidays (CD, Album) at Discogs

More info here:

Ar Hyd y Nos - Wikipedia

All Through The Night (Version 1)

All Through The Night (Version 2)

All Through the Night

 More versions here:

Cover versions of Ar Hyd y Nos by Madge Breese | SecondHandSongs

zaterdag 9 december 2017

Za ciesaře Augusta (1420) / Ezechielis Porta (1420) / Gaudete (1582)

Gaudete ("rejoice" in Latin) is a sacred Christmas carol, which is thought to have been composed in the 16th century, but could easily have existed as a monophonic hymn in the late medieval period, with polyphonic Alto, Tenor, and Bass parts added during the 15th century, particularly due to its Medieval Latin lyrics. The song was published in Piae Cantiones, collected by a Finnish student in 1582. Here are the complete facsimiles of this song collection. - Facsimiles , Originalnotationen der Piae Cantiones (Finnland, 16.Jh)

In this collection the chorus of "Gaudete" is notated as a 4 part polyphonic hymn

The Discantus, Altus and Tenor parts are on page 81

The Bassus part is on page 82

No music is given for the verses in Piæ Cantiones. They derive from the medieval Bohemian song "Ezechielis Porta", which Finnish clerical students would have encountered in Prague and which shared a tune with a Czech vernacular Christmas song ("Za ciesaře Augusta") that still survives.

"Ezechielis Porta" is notated in 1420 on page 225 in the Czech hymn-book "Jistebnický kancionál". Above the lyrics it says: sing as "Za ciesaře Augusta" (= In The Reign Of Caesar Augustus).

And the lyrics and music notation of "Za ciesaře Augusta" itself is on page 74 of the same "Jistebnický kancionál". (Thank you Jiri Zurek for pointing me out to this song)

Click on the bookcover in the next link and you can look inside the complete fascimiles of this book:


SEE ALSO: Jistebnice hymn book - Wikipedia

The tune of "Za ciesaře Augusta" is indeed similar to the verses of Gaudete.

Here's a sample of "Za ciesaře Augusta" by the Czech musical ensemble Musica Bohemica.

Listen here:

Musica Bohemica • Jaroslav Krček - Vánoční Zpěvy Z Doby Husitské (Christmas Carols From The Jistebnice Hymnal) (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

And compare this with the verses of Gaudete:

In the Youtube-clip below, with a score of Gaudete in the original tonality, the verse starts at 33 seconds

(c) Steeleye Span (1972)  (as "Gaudete")
The electric folk group Steeleye Span had a hit in 1973 (No. 14, UK singles chart) with an a cappella recording of the song.
Guitarist Bob Johnson had heard the song when he attended a folk-carol service with his father-in-law in Cambridge, and brought it to the attention of the rest of the band.

Gaudete [trad.]

(c) Angelo Branduardi (1996)

Angelo Branduardi E Chominciamento Di Gioia - Futuro Antico I (CD, Album) at Discogs

(c) Mediæval Bæbes (1997)

Salva Nos (album) - Wikipedia

Listen here:

(c) Chris Squire (2007)
Chris Squire - bass, vocals
Steve Hackett - guitars
Gerard Johnson - keys
Jeremy Stacey - drums
The English Baroque Choir, conducted by Jeremy Jackman

Listen here (at 38 min and 45 seconds):

(c) Jethro Tull (2008) (Live)

The Christmas Album

Listen here:

(c) Erasure (2013)

On October 28, 2013, British synthpop group Erasure released their electronic version of "Gaudete" as the first single off their Christmas-themed album Snow Globe. Their version reached the Top 30 in UK indie singles chart and the Top 40 in Billboard dance chart.

SEE ALSO: Gaudete! Gaudete! Christus est natus

AND: Gaudete - Wikipedia

AND: Piae Cantiones: A Medieval Song Treasury

woensdag 6 december 2017

Riu Riu Chiu (1556) / Guardo El Lobo (1961)

Ríu Ríu Chíu, also known as Ríu Chíu, is a Spanish villancico that has attained some contemporary fame as a Christmas carol.

The villancico is attributed by some sources to Mateo Flecha the Elder, who died in 1553; it has also been described as anonymous.

It is known from a single source, the Cancionero de Upsala, published in 1556 in Venice; a unique copy is preserved at the library of the University of Uppsala. The song appears on page XLII and XLIII of that collection

Ríu Ríu Chíu - Wikipedia

The first recording I could find is by the vocal emsemble New York Pro Musica (1957).

New York Pro Musica - Music Of The Medieval Court And Countryside (For The Christmas Season) (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

Listen here:

The same year it was  recorded by the Brasilan vocal ensemble Madrigal Renascentista.

(o) Madrigal Renascentista (1957) (as"Riu, riu, chiu")
Vocals: Maria Lúcia Godoy
Director: Isaac Karabtchevsky
Recorded in 1957 but not released at the time

Listen here:

(c) Madrigal Renascentista (1959) (as"Riu, riu, chiu")
Vocals: Amin Abdo Feres
Director: Isaac Karabtchevsky
This version was released on Chantecler CMG 2038

Discografia - Madrigal Renacentista

IMMuB - O maior catálogo online da música brasileira

Madrigal Renascentista, Isaac Karabtchevsky, Maria Lúcia Godoy - Madrigal Renascentista (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

Madrigal Renascentista by Madrigal Renascentista (Album, Choral): Reviews, Ratings, Credits, Song list - Rate Your Music

Listen here:

The original Kingston Trio of Bob Shane, Nick Reynolds, and Dave Guard sing their adaptation of "Riu Riu Chiu", retitled "Guardo El Lobo" (contributed to Erich Schwandt)
The song appeared on their 1961 album "Goin' Places", the last of nine albums that included founding member Guard, who shortly after the record's release left the group, to be replaced by singer-songwriter John Stewart.

Listen here:

In 1967 The Monkees performed the song live on a Christmas episode of their TV series, "The Monkees' Christmas Show".

Listen here:

An official studio version was recorded in October 1967, featuring Monkees producer Chip Douglas on vocals who was substituting for an absent Davy Jones. It went unreleased until 1990's "Missing Links Volume Two".

Listen here;

It is likely the Monkees learned the song from their producer, Chip Douglas who himself performed it with his former band The Modern Folk Quartet on their 1964 album Changes.

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In 1978 British ensemble Chorale had an unexpected Dutch Christmas Top 30 Hit with "Riu Riu".

GDM - Articles: Chorale - 1978 Chorale

45cat - Chorale - Riu Riu / Come The Night Time - Arista - Netherlands - 5C 006-61990

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In 1993 Bruce Cockburn include a version of "Riu Riu Chiu" on his Christmas album:

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Sixpence None The Richer made their own arrangement of this Christmas Carol, which was contained on their Christmas album "The Dawn of Grace" (2008)

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The song also bears a strong resemblance to another villancico, "Falalanlera", by Bartomeu Càrceres, a Catalan composer.

dinsdag 5 december 2017

Fuggi fuggi fuggi da questo cielo (1600) / La Mantovana (1645) / Ballo di Mantua (1645) / Ik Zag Cecilia Komen (1720) / Die Moldau (1874) / Hatikva (1888)

"La Mantovana" or "Il Ballo di Mantova" (Mantua Dance) is a popular sixteenth-century song attributed to the Italian tenor Giuseppe Cenci, also known as Giuseppino del Biado, (1550-1616) to the text "Fuggi, Fuggi, Fuggi da questo cielo". Its earliest known appearance in print is in Biado's collection of madrigals of the year 1600.
It is in the Codex Barbera G.F. 83 page 153 with text beginning "Fuggi fuggi fuggi da questo cielo" (Attributed: Giuseppino [del Biabo]) [in G]

La Mantovana - Wikipedia

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In 1645 the song was published as "La Mantovana" on page 122 of “Il Scolaro" by Gasparo Zanetti

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In 1644 the tune was published as "Ballo di Mantua" by Giovan Battista Ferrini (1601-1674).

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Biagio Marini (1594-1663) used the tune in his sonata a tre sopra "Fuggi dolente core" (Trio Sonata, op. 22: Sonata Sopra Fuggi) from "Diversi generi di sonate, da chiesa, e da camera" (published in 1655)


Per ogni sorte di strumento musicale, Op.22 (Marini, Biagio) - IMSLP

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John Playford (1623-1686) used the tune in "An Italian Rant".
This version first appears in Playford's 3rd edition of the English Dancing Master (1657) and again in the 3rd edition of 1665.

The Dancing Master, 1651-1728: An Illustrated Compendium

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The melody also gained a wide popularity in Renaissance Europe, being recorded variously as the Scottish "My mistress is prettie", the Flemish "Ik zag Cecilia komen", the Polish "Pod Krakowem", the Spanish "Virgen de la Cueva", the French "La Petite Rosalie", the German "Fuchs Du Hast Die Gans Gestohlen", the Romanian "Carul cu boi", the Bohemian "Kocka leze dirou" and the Ukrainian "Kateryna Kucheryava".

The tune was also used for the Israeli national anthem "Hatikvah".
The adaptation of the music for Hatikvah was set by Samuel Cohen in 1888.

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Samuel Cohen himself recalled many years later that he had hummed Hatikvah based on the melody from the song he had heard in Romania, "Carul cu boi" (The Ox-Driven Cart), which dates from 1822.

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"My Mistress Is Prettie" was published in Scotland around 1695-1701 in the Balcarres Lute Book

Early Gaelic Harp Info: the Balcarres ms

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"Ik Zag Cecilia Komen" was published in 1720 on page 24-25 in "Delfschen Helicon ofte grooten Hollandschen nachtegael"

Hier volgt Ceciliaes Feest ,, Met d'Herder Floriaen, Wiens Min is groot geweest ,, Als tuygt het groen Gebla'en.

Delfschen Helicon

Delfschen Helicon ofte grooten Hollandschen nachtegael · dbnl

The Originals © by Arnold Rypens - IK ZAG CECILIA KOMEN

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One year earlier, in 1719, "Lied van Cecilia" was published as song #13 on page 21 in Dordrechtse Helikon, Ofte De groote dubbelde Hollantsche Nachtegael

Lied van Cecilia

Dordrechtse Helikon, Ofte De groote dubbelde Hollantsche Nachtegael

But "Cecilia" dates from much earlier: it is cited as the tune for "Den Lof Van Een Fray Meysken" (or "Het Alder-liefste Meysken, Dat Ick Zoo Vry En Vly"), from "Den Eerelycken Pluck-Voghel", published by Livinus van der Minnen in Brussels and Antwerp in 1669.

Den eerelycken pluck-voghel — Wikipédia

Nederlandse Liederenbank

Here it is on page 214/215 of the 3th Edition published in 1677

Livinus van der Minnen, Den eerelycken pluck-voghel · dbnl

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart used the tune for the 8th Variation of  "Twelve Variations on "Ah vous dirai-je, Maman" (K 265), which he wrote in 1781 or 1782.

Listen here:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - 8th Variation on Ah vous dirai-je, maman, K. 265

Camille Saint-Saëns quotes this tune in the 3rd Movement of "Rhapsodies sur des cantiques bretons, Op. 7", written in 1866.

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The tune is best known as the melody of Bedřich Smetana's "Vltava" (The Moldau") from his cycle celebrating Bohemia, Má vlast, which he wrote in 1874.

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In 1878 Tchaikovsky adapted the tune for the 2nd movement Canzonetta; Andante from "Violin Concerto in D Major, Op. 35"

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The melody shows also similarities with the Dutch 16th century song "O Nederland Let Op U Saeck", a warning against the unreliability of the Spanish, published in 1626 in Valerius' Gedenck Clanck.
The Swedish traditional "Ack Värmeland, du sköna" (written in 1822) probably derives from this Dutch variation of the tune.

The Originals © by Arnold Rypens - ACK, VÄRMELAND DU SKÖNA

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Jazz musician Stan Getz toured in Sweden in 1951 and recorded "Ack Värmeland Du Skona" for the Swedish Metronome-label.

In the same year he also published an English-language version of Ack Värmeland, retitled "Dear Old Stockholm".
"Dear Old Stockholm" has since been recorded by several artists and established itself as a classic within the jazz.