dinsdag 25 maart 2014

I Ain't Gonna Study War No More (1920) / Study War No More (1927) / Down By The Riverside (1923) / Daar Bij De Waterkant (1953)

"Down by the Riverside" (also known as "Ain't Gonna Study War No More" and "Gonna lay down my burden") is a gospel song. It was first mentioned on page 66 of Howard W. Odum's "Religious Folk-Songs of the Southern Negroes" (1909)

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But similar lyrics can be found on pp 252-53 of Marshall W. Taylor, *A Collection of Revival Hymns and Plantation Melodies* (1882).  Unfortunately, this is one of the few items in the book without a tune.

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"Down By the Riverside" was also published in “Plantation Melodies: A Collection of Modern, Popular and Old-time Negro-Songs of the Southland”, Chicago, the Rodeheaver Company, 1918.

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Alternative titles: “Ain' go'n' to study war no mo'”, “Ain't gonna grieve my Lord no more”, “Ain't Gwine to Study War No More”, “Down by de Ribberside”, “Going to Pull My War-Clothes” and “Study war no more”.



First recorded by the Fisk University Jubilee Singers on December 29, 1920 as "I Ain't Goin' To Study War No More."
Released on Columbia A3596 in 1922.

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Listen here:

Or to a sample here: https://s3.amazonaws.com/documentrecordsstore/samples/DOCD-5534-23.mp3

(c) Homer Rodeheaver and Wiseman Sextet (1923)  (as "Down By The River Side")
Recorded early 1923 in New York.
Released on Rainbow 1044

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Some copies of Rainbow 1044 read Homer Rodeheaver and the Wood Bros.

Or only Wood Bros. Quartet

(c) Morehouse College Quartette 1923
Recorded June 1923 in Atlanta, GA.
Released on Okeh 4887

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Listen here:

Elkins-Payne Jubilee Singers, "Down By the Riverside" (Paramount 12071) recorded in November 1923 is a different song.


Listen here: http://www.allmusic.com/song/down-by-the-riverside-mt0005106612

(c) Vaughan Quartet (1924)  (as "Ain't Gwine to Study War No More")
Recorded November 5, 1924 in Richmond
Released on Vaughan 1075

(c) C. Mae Frierson Moore (as "Going to Study War No More")
Recorded September 1925
Released on Paramount 12323

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(c) Missouri Pacific Diamond Jubilee Quartette 1927
Recorded April 28, 1927
Released on Okeh 8472

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(c) Lester McFarland & Robert Gardner (1927)
Recorded October 16, 1926
Released on Brunswick 108

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(c) Sam Morgan's Jazz Band 1927
Recorded October 22, 1927 in New Orleans
Released on Columbia 14267

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Listen here:

Or here:



(c) Norfolk Jubilee Quartet (1927) (as "Down by the Riverside")
Otto Tutson: lead voice
J. "Buddy" Archer: tenor voice
Delrose Hollins: baritone voice
Len Williams: bass voice
Recorded in February 1927 in New York.
Released on Paramount 12445
And on Herwin 93003 (as by the Nazareth Jubilee Quartet)

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(c) Dixie Jubilee Singers 1928

Dixie Jubilee Singers (1924-1928) & Bryant's Jubilee Quartet (1931) - The Document Records Store

Recorded August 9, 1928.
Released on BANNER 7237
                    DOMINO 4206
                    REGAL 8645
And also on CHALLENGE 937 (as Jewel Male Quartet)

(c) Leadbelly (1940)  ("Ain't Goin' Study War No More")
Recorded in Washington, D.C. August 23, 1940 for the Library of Congress.
Matrix 4471-B-6

Released in 1994 : https://rateyourmusic.com/release/comp/lead_belly/go_down_old_hannah/


Listen here:

(c) Jimmie Lunceford 1940  (as "I Ain't Gonna Study War No More")
Recorded on June 19, 1940 in New York
Released on Columbia 35567

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Memphis Minnie (Lizzie Douglas) "Down By the Riverside" (Conqueror 9936 ) recorded on May 21, 1941 is a different song.

Listen here:

(c) The Four Blues (1945)  (as "Study War No Mo")
Released in December 1945 on DeLuxe 1005.

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Label image of DeLuxe 1005 released in December 1945. This same record was also released showing "Golden Echo Quartet" in place of "The Four Blues" on the label. Both sides credit "Arranged by Joe Leib"... who was Joe Leibowitz, Musical Director for DeLuxe.


Listen here:


(c) Selah Jubilee Quartet (1946)
Released on  Arista label
Re-released on Remington / Continental labels

Listen here:


(c) Oak Ridge Quartet (1947)  (as "Ain't Gwine to Study War No More")
Recorded June 17, 1946 at Radio Recorders, 7000 Santa Monica Blvd., Hollywood, CA -
Wally Fowler, Johnny New, Lonnie Freeman, Curly Kinsey
Released in November 1947 on Capitol 40057

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Listen here:

(c) Sister Rosetta Tharpe (1948) (as "Down By the Riverside"
Recorded in New York City, NY on December 2, 1948
Released on Decca 48106

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(c) Big Bill Broonzy (1952)
Recorded live at the Salle Pleyel, Paris, February 5, 1952
Released on various artists album "Jazz Varietes" (Swing-label # M 33.307)

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Another version was recorded in March 1952 in Paris for the Vogue-label
Released on 10 inch album "Blues Singer Vol No 2" (Vogue LD 072)

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Listen here:

In 1953 Dazz Jordan (songwriting pseudonym of Four Lads member John Bernard Toorish) adapted the lyrics a bit and cleverly copyrighted the song. 

Around this time it was also stated that this song was adapted from a 1902 sheet-music version by John J. Nolan

But this was a different song:


(c) Four Lads (1953)  (as "Down By The River Side")

78 RPM - The Four Lads - Down By The River Side / Take Me Back - Columbia - USA - 40005

The Four Lads - Down By The River Side (Vinyl) at Discogs

Released May 1953 on Columbia 40005

(c) Bing Crosby, Gary Crosby (voc), John Scott Trotter and his Orchestra 1953
Recorded November 4, 1953 in  Los Angeles
Released Decca 28955


Listen here

(c) Eddy Christiani (1953)  (as "Daar Bij de Waterkant")
(Dutch version of "Down by the Riverside" with Dutch lyrics by Jack Bess)
Released on Columbia DH 543


Listen here:

(c) George Lewis (1954)  (as "Down By The Riverside")
Released on the album "Jazz At The Vespers" (Riverside Records RLP 12-230)



(c) Mahalia Jackson (1956)

New York City, Tuesday 27 March 1956
Vocals with Falls-Jones Ensemble: Mildred Falls, piano; Ralph Jones, organ; Milton Hinton, bass; Osie Johnson, drums;

Released in 1956 on LP "Bless This House" (Columbia CL 899)


In the next YT Mahalia sings 'Down By The Riverside' in a tribute to american music on the Nat King Cole Show in 1957.

(c) Pete Seeger (1956)  (as "Study War No More")


Listen here:

(c) Million Dollar Quartet (1956)

Elvis Presley sung along on this traditional gospel number with Carl Perkins and Jerry Lee Lewis during the Million Dollar Quartet jam session at the Sun Studios in December 1956.

It would be almost 10 years, however, before Elvis recorded a more secular version of the number for the soundtrack of the film "Frankie and Johnny," where it was coupled with "When The Saints Go Marchin' In."

(c) Louis Armstrong (1958)



Listen here:

(c) Guy Carawan (1959)  (as "Down By The Riverside")
Guy learned his version from the 1954 LP by George Lewis and Band "Jazz At The Vespers".
Carawan's version was released on the album: "This Little Light Of Mine".


Listen here:

(c) Billy Riley (1959)



Listen here:

(c) Nat King Cole (1960) (as "Ain't Gonna Study War No More")


Original 12-track album released in 1959 on Capitol as ST-1249.
Recorded in September 29, 1958.


Listen here:

Nat King Cole – Ain't Gonna Study War No More

(c) Golden Gate Quartet (1960) 45cat - The Golden Gate Quartet - Down By The Riverside (Qu'il Fait Bon Vivre) / Lula - Columbia - France - ESDF 1303

Listen here:

(c) Roy Hamilton (1960)


Listen to a sample here:


(c) Les Compagnons De La Chanson (2/1960) (as "Qu'il fait bon vivre")
Hit in France and USA




Listen here:

(c) Caterina Valente (3/1960)


Listen to a sample here:


(c) Will Tura en Broertje Jan (4/1960)  (as "Vrienden Voor 't Leven") 
(Flemish version of "Down By The Riverside", following the French version by Les Compagnons De La Chanson)


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(c) Willy Hagara (8/1960)  (as "Freunde Fürs Leben")  (Top 10 Hit Germany)
(German version of "Down By The Riverside", following the Flemish lyrics of the Will Tura version here above)


(c) Laurie London (7/1961)


Listen to a sample here:


(c) Blue Diamonds (1961)


Listen here:

(c) Wynona Carr (1962)


Listen here:

(c) Weavers (1963)


Listen here:

(c) Trini Lopez (1963)  (medley: Gotta Travel On / Down By The Riverside / Marianne / When The Saints Go Marching In / Volare)


Listen here:

(c) Eddy and the Crazy Jets Show (1963)

Released on Delta DS 1075

Listen here:

(c) Pete Seeger, Sonny Terry, and Brownie McGhee perform "Down by the Riverside" on Pete Seeger's Rainbow Quest in 1967.

(c) Seekers (1968) (as "Study War No More")


Listen here:

(c) Ace Cannon (1969)


Listen here:

(c) Van Morrison (1971) (on the CD reissue of Tupelo Honey)


Listen here:

(c) Charlie Rich (1976)


(c) Havenzangers (1979)  (as "Daar Bij De Waterkant")

Crediting T. Peters / Lurech / Lirach ???


In 1991 they corrected the credits T. Peters / R. Peters / Jack Bess


Willie Dixon's "Study War No More" (1988) is a different song


(c) Peter, Paul & Mary (1998)


Listen here:


(c) Brendan Croker (2003)
Brendan Croker used a set list of 40 protest songs put together in a book, and he made the audience call out numbers between 1-40 and it was pot luck as to what you heard!!!
"Down By The Riverside" was song # 18 of that list.


(o) The Dirty Dozen Brass Band (2004)


Listen here:

The Dirty Dozen Brass Band – Down By The Riverside

(c) The Blind Boys of Alabama (2008)


An extremely loose interpretation of "Down By The Riverside" after 1 minute in the next YT:

More recordings:



NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH "Down By The Riverside" by Led Zeppelin.

zaterdag 8 maart 2014

Joe Hill (1934) / (1936) / (1939) / (1941)

A songwriter, itinerant laborer, and union organizer, Joe Hill became famous around the world after a Utah court convicted him of murder in 1915. Even before the international campaign to have his conviction reversed, however, Joe Hill was well known in hobo jungles, on picket lines and at workers' rallies as the author of popular labor songs and as an Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) agitator. Thanks in large part to his songs and to his stirring, well—publicized call to his fellow workers on the eve of his execution—"Don't waste time mourning, organize!"—Hill became, and he has remained, the best—known IWW martyr and labor folk hero.


Joe Hill was memorialized in a tribute poem written about him c. 1930 by Alfred Hayes titled "I Dreamed I Saw Joe Hill Last Night", sometimes referred to simply as "Joe Hill".

The poem was first printed in the "New Masses" on September 18, 1934.


Hayes's lyrics were turned into a song in 1936 by Earl Robinson, who wrote in 1986, "'Joe Hill' was written in Camp Unity in the summer of 1936 in New York State, for a campfire program celebrating him and his songs..." Hayes gave a copy of his poem to fellow camp staffer Robinson, who wrote the tune in 40 minutes.
Before the end of that summer the song was heard at performances in a New Orleans Labor Council, a San Francisco picket line, and it was taken to Spain by the members of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade to help in the fight against Franco.

Michael Loring was the first artist to record the song, with Earl Robinson himself at the piano.
"Joe Hill" was released in 1939 on the New York based TAC Records label (named for NYC's radical Theater Arts Committee). Produced by the Modern Record Co. (which was apparently affiliated with the Musicraft label.
The disc was reviewed in Time Magazine (March 6, 1939)

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Listen here:

Earl Robinson himself, recorded the song again in the Reeves Sound Studios, New York on Jan 8, 1940
Released on Timely 503-A (as part of an 78-album set titled "Songs For Americans)

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Earl Robinson's 1941 version was also released on the album "Don't Mourn-Organize!".


Listen here:

But it was Paul Robeson who popularized the song after he recorded the song a few times, first time in 1942.

(c) Paul Robeson 1942
Lawrence Brown: piano.
Recorded on January 30, 1942
Released on the album "Songs of Free Men" (Columbia Masterworks M-534)


Listen here:

In 1952 Robeson again recorded a version for the British Topic-label.


(c) Joe Glazer (1954)



Listen here:

(c) Earl Robinson (1957)
Another recording by the composer himself on the album "A Walk in the Sun and Other Songs" on Folkways Records (FA 2324)


Listen here:

(c) Pete Seeger (1959)
Released on the album "Songs of Struggle and Protest 1930-1950)" on the Folkways Records (FH 5233).

SEE: Songs of Struggle and Protest album


Listen here:

(c) Fred Akerstrom 1967 (as "Balladen Om Joe Hill")


Listen here:

(c) Bob Dylan 1967 (as "I Dreamed I Saw St. Augustine")
The opening couplet of the song paraphrases the song "Joe Hill", which begins with the lines "I Dreamed I Saw Joe Hill Last Night", by Alfred Hayes and Earl Robinson.
The reference is ironic, since the song seems to deny the existence of modern martyrs to lead humanity towards salvation.

Listen to Bob's song:

(c) Joan Baez 1969 (Live at Woodstock festival)
Joan Baez's Woodstock performance of "Joe Hill" in 1969 (documented on the 1970 documentary and corresponding soundtrack album) is one of the best known recordings. She also recorded the song numerous times, including a live version on her 2005 album Bowery Songs.

Listen and see Joan's Woodstock version here:

Joe Hill was also made into a movie in 1971 (directed by Bo Widerberg)


The title-song (by Earl Robinson/Alfred Hayes) was sung by Joan Baez.

Stefan Grossman wrote the music for this movie.

Two songs by Stefan Grossman were released on a 45 on the Sonet-label:

(c) Stefan Grossman 1971 (as "Love Theme from Joe Hill")
This is NOT the Robinson/Hayes song.


In 1972 Scott Walker recorded an album of his favorite movie-songs.
On this album "Joe Hill" is wrongly attributed to Stefan Grossman.


(c) Scott Walker 1972 on The Moviegoer.

Listen here:

(c) Dubliners (1970)


Also released on the album "Revolution".



Listen here:

(c) Utah Phillips 1983
Recorded live in Victoria, Courtenay and Vancouver, British Columbia, February, 1981
Released on the album "We Have Fed You All for a Thousand Years" (Philo 1076)

Utah Phillips - We Have Fed You All A Thousand Years (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

Listen here: Utah Phillips

NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH "Joe Hill" written and recorded by Phil Ochs in 1968 and covered by Billy Bragg.
Phil Ochs' version was a different song based on the traditional "John Hardy"


Listen here:

Phil Ochs

Billy Bragg

But Billy Bragg DID record a version of "Joe Hill" by Earl Robinson, this time in memory of Phil Ochs. He retitled the song "I Dreamed I Saw Phil Ochs Last Night" and recorded it in 1990 for his album "The Internationale".



Listen here;

dinsdag 4 maart 2014

Go Tell It On The Mountain (1855) / Go Tell It On De Mountain (1941) / Tell It On The Mountain (1963)

"Go Tell It on the Mountain" is an African-American spiritual song, compiled by John Wesley Work, Jr., probably dating back to 1865, that has been sung and recorded by many gospel and secular performers. It is considered a Christmas carol because its original lyrics celebrate the Nativity of Jesus:
Go tell it on the mountain, over the hills and everywhere;
go tell it on the mountain, that Jesus Christ is born.



This carol was included in "Religious Folk Songs of the Negro as sung on Plantations" (1909)

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It's version 2 on this site (with the "When I was a Seeker" verse)


According to The Hymnuts, from an old Negro spiritual "When I Was a Seeker". The tune of the verse has similarities to the verse of "Oh, Susanna".

Listen here:


"Go Tell It On The Mountain" was first transcribed by John Wesley Work Jr., a choral director, songwriter, and a collector/compiler of folk music, slave songs, and spirituals.
Many sources say it was first published in Folk Songs of the Amer­i­can Ne­gro in 1907. 

But I couldn't track it down in that book

Volume One:
Volume Two

J. W. Work Jr. was from Nashville Tennessee, taught at Fisk University and directed and promoted the Fisk Jubilee Singers from 1909 till 1916.
The Fisk Jubilee Singers were probably the first act to perform the song in 1879, during their fund-raising concert tours in America and Europe.
So it's more likely John W. Work Jr. learned the song when he was an undergraduate at Fisk University in the early 1890s and a faculty member by the late 1890s.



"Go Tell It On The Mountain"  was also contained in the book "American Negro Songs and Spirituals" (1940) by John W. Work III (the son of John W. Work Jr)

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But in this book John Wesley Work III, attributes the newer text to his uncle Frederick J. Work. "He may have composed it" [the tune], wrote J. W. Work, III. "I know he composed the verses." John, III, recalled that when he was a child, the students at Fisk University began singing this before daybreak on Christmas morning, going from building to building. Later, his arrangement for use in choral concerts by the Fisk Jubilee Singers helped to popularize the spiritual.

Frederick Jerome Work was the brother of John Wesley Work Jr. and it's more likely that both brothers were responsible for adapting the song and first publishing it in 1909.
It's Frederick J Work's name that is mentioned in the notes of "Religious Folk Songs of the Negro as sung on Plantations"

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After "Go Tell It On The Mountain" was published again in 1940 in John Wesley Work III's "American Negro Songs and Spirituals", it became extremely successful, with many recordings:

Dorothy Maynor might be the first one to have recorded this spiritual in 1941, probably copying the version from "Religious Folk Songs of the Negro as sung on Plantations" (1909), because she used the same title "Go Tell It On De Mountain" as was used in that book.

(o) Dorothy Maynor (1941)  (as "Go Tell It On De Mountain")  (with the "Seeker" verse)
Recorded November 14, 1941

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Listen here:

"Go Tell It On The Mountain" was also sung with different verses, based on Luke 2:8-9.


Here are the lyrics of that version  (for convenience I call it the "Shepherds" verse)


It's version 3 on the next site:


(c) Famous Jubilee Singers (1948)  (with the "Shepherds" verse)
Released on the Bullet-label (#294)

Listen here:

(c) Mahalia Jackson (1950)  (with the "Shepherds" verse)
Mildred Falls, piano; Louise Overall, organ;
Recorded in New York City on October 17, 1950
Released on Apollo 235

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Listen here:

(c) The Weavers 1951  (with the "Shepherds" verse)
Lee Hays [vcl], Fred Hellerman [vcl/gt],Pete Seeger [vcl/gt/banjo], Ronnie Gilbert [bass vcl]. Producer: Milt Gabler
Recorded September 19, 1951 Decca Recording Studio, New York City.
Released on single Decca 27818 and LP DL-5373

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Listen to a sample here:

(c) Golden Gate Quartet (1958)  (with the "Seeker" verse)
Wilson, Orlandus (voc), Riddick, Clyde (voc), Wright, Clyde (voc),Ginyard, Julius Caleb (voc)
Glenn Burgess (p), Pierre Culaz (g), Pierre Sim (b), Christian Garros (dms)
Recorded in Paris, April 8, 1958
Released on "Negro Spirituals Vol 2"


Listen here:

(c) The Staple Singers 1962  (with the "Seeker" replaced by "Sinner" verse)
Maceo Woods (organ) Al Duncan (drums) Mavis Staples, Purvis Staples, Yvonne Staples (vocals) Roebuck Staples (vocals, guitar)
Recorded in NYC, circa middle 1962
Released on album "The Twenty-Fifth Day Of December" (Riverside RM 3513)



Listen here:

(c) Kingston Trio (1962)  (as "Tell It On The Mountain")
Released July 1962 on the album "Something Special"


Listen here:

(c) Fannie Lou Hamer 1963
Recorded fall 1963 in Greenwood, MS

On August 23, 1962, Rev. James Bevel, an organizer for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and an associate of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., gave a sermon in Ruleville, Mississippi, and followed it with an appeal to those assembled to register to vote. Black people who registered to vote in the South faced serious hardships at that time due to institutionalized racism, including harassment, the loss of their jobs, physical beatings, and lynchings; nonetheless, Hamer was the first volunteer. She later said, "I guess if I'd had any sense, I'd have been a little scared - but what was the point of being scared? The only thing they could do was kill me, and it kinda seemed like they'd been trying to do that a little bit at a time since I could remember."

On August 31, 1963 she traveled on a rented bus with other attendees of Bevel's sermon to Indianola, Mississippi, to register to vote. In what would become a signature trait of Hamer's activist career, she began singing Christian hymns, such as "Go Tell It on the Mountain" and "This Little Light of Mine", to the group in order to bolster their resolve. The hymns also reflected Hamer's belief that the civil rights struggle was a deeply spiritual one.


According to Religious Studies professor and Civil Rights historian Charles Marsh, it was African American Civil Rights leader Fannie Lou Hamer who combined this song with the spiritual "Go Down Moses," taking the last line of the chorus, "Let my people go" and substituting it in the chorus of "Go Tell it on the Mountain"

SEE ALSO:  http://jopiepopie.blogspot.nl/2017/07/the-song-of-contrabands-1861-go-down.html

In 1963, Peter, Paul and Mary, along with their musical director, Milt Okun, took the Fannie Lou Hamer adaptation of "Go Tell It on the Mountain" and rewrote it as"Tell It on the Mountain".


The song was recorded on their album In the Wind and was also a moderately successful single for them. (US #33 pop, 1964).

(c) Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, Fred Waring And His Pennsylvanians (1964)


Listen here:

(c) Marie Laforet (1964) (as "Viens sur la montagne")

Using the PPM adaptation with French lyrics by Hubert Ithier.



Listen here:

(c) Simon & Garfunkel 1964  (with the "Shepherds" verse)
Released on their album: "Wednesday Morning, 3 A" 


(c) The Wailers (1971)
Recorded in 1970 (sung by Peter Tosh)
Released in 1971 on the album "The Best of The Wailers"


Listen here:

(c) Dolly Parton  (1990) (with the "Shepherds" verse)
On CD "Hymns For Christmas"

Here she sings it live at her home for a Christmas Special

(c) The Blind Boys of Alabama (2003)  (featuring Tom Waits)


Listen here:

(c) James Taylor (2004)


Listen here:

More versions here: