dinsdag 25 maart 2014

I Ain't Gonna Study War No More (1920) / Study War No More (1927) / Down By The Riverside (1923) / Daar Bij De Waterkant (1953)



"Down by the Riverside" (also known as "Ain't Gonna Study War No More" and "Gonna lay down my burden") is a gospel song. It was first mentioned on page 66 of Howard W. Odum's "Religious Folk-Songs of the Southern Negroes" (1909)

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https://archive.org/stream/religiousfolkson00odum#page/n1/mode/2up

https://archive.org/stream/religiousfolkson00odum#page/66/mode/2up




But similar lyrics can be found on pp 252-53 of Marshall W. Taylor, *A Collection of Revival Hymns and Plantation Melodies* (1882).  Unfortunately, this is one of the few items in the book without a tune.

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https://archive.org/stream/colrevi00tayl#page/252/mode/2up



"Down By the Riverside" was also published in “Plantation Melodies: A Collection of Modern, Popular and Old-time Negro-Songs of the Southland”, Chicago, the Rodeheaver Company, 1918.

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Alternative titles: “Ain' go'n' to study war no mo'”, “Ain't gonna grieve my Lord no more”, “Ain't Gwine to Study War No More”, “Down by de Ribberside”, “Going to Pull My War-Clothes” and “Study war no more”.

http://www.fresnostate.edu/folklore/ballads/San480.html

http://www.folklorist.org/song/Down_By_the_Riverside_(Study_War_No_More)




First recorded by the Fisk University Jubilee Singers on December 29, 1920 as "I Ain't Goin' To Study War No More."
Released on Columbia A3596 in 1922.

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http://adp.library.ucsb.edu/index.php/matrix/detail/2000027389/79614-I_aint_goin_to_study_war_no_more

http://www.document-records.com/fulldetails.asp?ProdID=DOCD-5534

Listen here:



Or to a sample here: https://s3.amazonaws.com/documentrecordsstore/samples/DOCD-5534-23.mp3



(c) Homer Rodeheaver and Wiseman Sextet (1923)  (as "Down By The River Side")
Recorded early 1923 in New York.
Released on Rainbow 1044

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Some copies of Rainbow 1044 read Homer Rodeheaver and the Wood Bros.

Or only Wood Bros. Quartet






(c) Morehouse College Quartette 1923
Recorded June 1923 in Atlanta, GA.
Released on Okeh 4887

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Listen here:





Elkins-Payne Jubilee Singers, "Down By the Riverside" (Paramount 12071) recorded in November 1923 is a different song.

https://www.vmauctions.com/files/members/0/152/products/large/epayne1b.jpg

Listen here: http://www.allmusic.com/song/down-by-the-riverside-mt0005106612




(c) Vaughan Quartet (1924)  (as "Ain't Gwine to Study War No More")
Recorded November 5, 1924 in Richmond
Released on Vaughan 1075




(c) C. Mae Frierson Moore (as "Going to Study War No More")
Recorded September 1925
Released on Paramount 12323


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Listen here:





(c) Missouri Pacific Diamond Jubilee Quartette 1927
Recorded April 28, 1927
Released on Okeh 8472

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Listen here:





(c) Lester McFarland & Robert Gardner (1927)
Recorded October 16, 1926
Released on Brunswick 108

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Listen here:





(c) Sam Morgan's Jazz Band 1927
Recorded October 22, 1927 in New Orleans
Released on Columbia 14267

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Listen here:



Or here:

http://www.redhotjazz.com/Songs/morgan/Riverside.ra

http://www.redhotjazz.com/sammorgen.html



(c) Norfolk Jubilee Quartet (1927) (as "Down by the Riverside")
Otto Tutson: lead voice
J. "Buddy" Archer: tenor voice
Delrose Hollins: baritone voice
Len Williams: bass voice
Recorded in February 1927 in New York.
Released on Paramount 12445
And on Herwin 93003 (as by the Nazareth Jubilee Quartet)

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http://www.document-records.com/fulldetails.asp?ProdID=DOCD-5383

http://www.allmusic.com/album/complete-recorded-works-vol-3-1925-1927-mw0000082299

Listen here:





(c) Dixie Jubilee Singers 1928

Dixie Jubilee Singers (1924-1928) & Bryant's Jubilee Quartet (1931) - The Document Records Store

Recorded August 9, 1928.
Released on BANNER 7237
                    DOMINO 4206
                    REGAL 8645
And also on CHALLENGE 937 (as Jewel Male Quartet)





(c) Leadbelly (1940)  ("Ain't Goin' Study War No More")
Recorded in Washington, D.C. August 23, 1940 for the Library of Congress.
Matrix 4471-B-6

Released in 1994 : https://rateyourmusic.com/release/comp/lead_belly/go_down_old_hannah/

http://www.discogs.com/Lead-Belly-Go-Down-Old-Hannah-The-Library-Of-Congress-Recordings-Volume-Six/release/2114167

Listen here:






(c) Jimmie Lunceford 1940  (as "I Ain't Gonna Study War No More")
Recorded on June 19, 1940 in New York
Released on Columbia 35567

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http://www.vocalgroupharmony.com/I_AintGo.htm







Memphis Minnie (Lizzie Douglas) "Down By the Riverside" (Conqueror 9936 ) recorded on May 21, 1941 is a different song.

Listen here:






(c) The Four Blues (1945)  (as "Study War No Mo")
Released in December 1945 on DeLuxe 1005.

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Label image of DeLuxe 1005 released in December 1945. This same record was also released showing "Golden Echo Quartet" in place of "The Four Blues" on the label. Both sides credit "Arranged by Joe Leib"... who was Joe Leibowitz, Musical Director for DeLuxe.

http://www.vocalgroupharmony.com/4ROWNEW/StudyWar.htm

Listen here:

http://www.vocalgroupharmony.com/ROW/Study%20War%20No%20Mo'%20-%20The%20Four%20Blues%20-%20DeLuxe%201005-A%20-%201945.wma



(c) Selah Jubilee Quartet (1946)
Released on  Arista label
Re-released on Remington / Continental labels

Listen here:

http://www.takemyhandsong.com/mp3s/gospel/Selah%20Jubilee%20-%20Down%20By%20the%20Riverside.mp3



(c) Oak Ridge Quartet (1947)  (as "Ain't Gwine to Study War No More")
Recorded June 17, 1946 at Radio Recorders, 7000 Santa Monica Blvd., Hollywood, CA -
Wally Fowler, Johnny New, Lonnie Freeman, Curly Kinsey
Released in November 1947 on Capitol 40057

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http://www.45worlds.com/78rpm/record/40057

Listen here:






(c) Sister Rosetta Tharpe (1948) (as "Down By the Riverside"
Recorded in New York City, NY on December 2, 1948
Released on Decca 48106

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http://www.recordconnexion.nl/tharpe-1.htm

Listen here:






(c) Big Bill Broonzy (1952)
Recorded live at the Salle Pleyel, Paris, February 5, 1952
Released on various artists album "Jazz Varietes" (Swing-label # M 33.307)

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Another version was recorded in March 1952 in Paris for the Vogue-label
Released on 10 inch album "Blues Singer Vol No 2" (Vogue LD 072)

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Listen here:






In 1953 Dazz Jordan (songwriting pseudonym of Four Lads member John Bernard Toorish) adapted the lyrics a bit and cleverly copyrighted the song. 


Around this time it was also stated that this song was adapted from a 1902 sheet-music version by John J. Nolan

But this was a different song:

http://library.duke.edu/rubenstein/scriptorium/sheetmusic/b/b03/b0338/




(c) Four Lads (1953)  (as "Down By The River Side")

78 RPM - The Four Lads - Down By The River Side / Take Me Back - Columbia - USA - 40005

The Four Lads - Down By The River Side (Vinyl) at Discogs

Released May 1953 on Columbia 40005






(c) Bing Crosby, Gary Crosby (voc), John Scott Trotter and his Orchestra 1953
Recorded November 4, 1953 in  Los Angeles
Released Decca 28955

http://www.45cat.com/record/928955

Listen here






(c) Eddy Christiani (1953)  (as "Daar Bij de Waterkant")
(Dutch version of "Down by the Riverside" with Dutch lyrics by Jack Bess)
Released on Columbia DH 543

http://www.discogs.com/Eddy-Christiani-RI-RA-Roetsji-KA-Daar-Bij-De-Waterkant/release/2222503

Listen here:





(c) George Lewis (1954)  (as "Down By The Riverside")
Released on the album "Jazz At The Vespers" (Riverside Records RLP 12-230)

http://www.jazzdisco.org/riverside-records/catalog-200-series/#rlp-12-230

http://www.discogs.com/George-Lewis-And-His-Ragtime-Band-Jazz-At-Vespers/release/3693094



(c) Mahalia Jackson (1956)

New York City, Tuesday 27 March 1956
Vocals with Falls-Jones Ensemble: Mildred Falls, piano; Ralph Jones, organ; Milton Hinton, bass; Osie Johnson, drums;

Released in 1956 on LP "Bless This House" (Columbia CL 899)

http://www.goingthruvinyl.com/catalog/cover/56369/1500/e52d189ebcf2afc43e4a7586035ed264.jpg

In the next YT Mahalia sings 'Down By The Riverside' in a tribute to american music on the Nat King Cole Show in 1957.





(c) Pete Seeger (1956)  (as "Study War No More")

http://www.folkways.si.edu/pete-seeger/love-songs-for-friends-and-foes/american-folk/music/album/smithsonian

Listen here:






(c) Million Dollar Quartet (1956)

Elvis Presley sung along on this traditional gospel number with Carl Perkins and Jerry Lee Lewis during the Million Dollar Quartet jam session at the Sun Studios in December 1956.



It would be almost 10 years, however, before Elvis recorded a more secular version of the number for the soundtrack of the film "Frankie and Johnny," where it was coupled with "When The Saints Go Marchin' In."






(c) Louis Armstrong (1958)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_and_the_Good_Book

http://michaelminn.net/armstrong/index.php?section7#19580204

Listen here:






(c) Guy Carawan (1959)  (as "Down By The Riverside")
Guy learned his version from the 1954 LP by George Lewis and Band "Jazz At The Vespers".
Carawan's version was released on the album: "This Little Light Of Mine".

http://www.folkways.si.edu/guy-carawan/this-little-light-of-mine/american-folk-gospel/music/album/smithsonian#

Listen here:



(c) Billy Riley (1959)

http://www.discogs.com/Billy-Riley-Down-By-The-Riverside/release/3412705

http://www.45cat.com/record/313us2

Listen here:








(c) Nat King Cole (1960) (as "Ain't Gonna Study War No More")

http://www.discogs.com/Nat-King-Cole-Every-Time-I-Feel-The-Spirit/release/1176478

Original 12-track album released in 1959 on Capitol as ST-1249.
Recorded in September 29, 1958.

http://apileocole.alongthehall.com/sessions/session1958.html#session16

Listen here:

Nat King Cole – Ain't Gonna Study War No More



(c) Golden Gate Quartet (1960) 45cat - The Golden Gate Quartet - Down By The Riverside (Qu'il Fait Bon Vivre) / Lula - Columbia - France - ESDF 1303

Listen here:




(c) Roy Hamilton (1960)

http://www.45cat.com/record/59354us

Listen to a sample here:

http://a1046.phobos.apple.com/us/r30/Music/70/50/eb/mzi.efzjhagt.aac.p.m4a




(c) Les Compagnons De La Chanson (2/1960) (as "Qu'il fait bon vivre")
Hit in France and USA

https://eu.rymimg.com/lk/o/l/0eb77c3b11d6e0b55dd1d37f604f5352/2156525.jpg

http://www.45cat.com/record/4342us

http://www.discogs.com/Les-Compagnons-De-La-Chanson-Down-By-The-Riverside-Margoton/release/4826041

Listen here:






(c) Caterina Valente (3/1960)

http://www.45cat.com/record/460730

Listen to a sample here:

http://www.allmusic.com/song/quil-fait-bon-vivre-mt0018847796




(c) Will Tura en Broertje Jan (4/1960)  (as "Vrienden Voor 't Leven") 
(Flemish version of "Down By The Riverside", following the French version by Les Compagnons De La Chanson)


http://www.muziekarchief.be/trackdetails.php?ID=292383

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Listen here:






(c) Willy Hagara (8/1960)  (as "Freunde Fürs Leben")  (Top 10 Hit Germany)
(German version of "Down By The Riverside", following the Flemish lyrics of the Will Tura version here above)

http://www.45cat.com/record/345238pf






(c) Laurie London (7/1961)

http://www.45cat.com/record/r4801

Listen to a sample here:

http://www.allmusic.com/song/down-by-the-riverside-mt0005053447



(c) Blue Diamonds (1961)

http://www.45cat.com/record/fm264372

Listen here:






(c) Wynona Carr (1962)

http://www.45cat.com/record/r20043

Listen here:









(c) Weavers (1963)

http://www.discogs.com/Weavers-Reunion-At-Carnegie-Hall-1963/release/4791142

Listen here:






(c) Trini Lopez (1963)  (medley: Gotta Travel On / Down By The Riverside / Marianne / When The Saints Go Marching In / Volare)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trini_Lopez_at_PJ's

Listen here:





(c) Eddy and the Crazy Jets Show (1963)

Released on Delta DS 1075

Listen here:

http://82.170.168.20/nederbeat//index.php?option=com_musicbox&task=view&Itemid=32&catid=14&id=637




(c) Pete Seeger, Sonny Terry, and Brownie McGhee perform "Down by the Riverside" on Pete Seeger's Rainbow Quest in 1967.







(c) Seekers (1968) (as "Study War No More")

http://www.45cat.com/record/db8407

Listen here:






(c) Ace Cannon (1969)

http://www.45cat.com/record/hi2166

Listen here:






(c) Van Morrison (1971) (on the CD reissue of Tupelo Honey)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tupelo_Honey

Listen here:






(c) Charlie Rich (1976)

http://www.discogs.com/Charlie-Rich-AmericaBeautiful-1976-Down-By-The-Riverside/master/460106







(c) Havenzangers (1979)  (as "Daar Bij De Waterkant")

Crediting T. Peters / Lurech / Lirach ???

http://www.45cat.com/record/6012923

In 1991 they corrected the credits T. Peters / R. Peters / Jack Bess

http://www.45cat.com/record/1424257





Willie Dixon's "Study War No More" (1988) is a different song

http://www.discogs.com/Willie-Dixon-Hidden-Charms/release/2763461







(c) Peter, Paul & Mary (1998)

http://www.peterpaulandmary.com/music/20-15.htm

Listen here:

http://grooveshark.com/s/Down+By+The+Riverside+Study+War+No+More/3uKs3i?src=5




(c) Brendan Croker (2003)
Brendan Croker used a set list of 40 protest songs put together in a book, and he made the audience call out numbers between 1-40 and it was pot luck as to what you heard!!!
"Down By The Riverside" was song # 18 of that list.

http://www.brendancroker.com/BCA/Setlists%20Brendan%20Croker.html




(o) The Dirty Dozen Brass Band (2004)

http://www.discogs.com/Dirty-Dozen-Brass-Band-Funeral-For-A-Friend/release/1734482

Listen here:

The Dirty Dozen Brass Band – Down By The Riverside




(c) The Blind Boys of Alabama (2008)

http://redkelly3.blogspot.nl/2008/04/blind-boys-of-alabama-down-by-riverside.html




An extremely loose interpretation of "Down By The Riverside" after 1 minute in the next YT:







More recordings:

http://www.originals.be/en/originals.php?id=8784

http://www.secondhandsongs.com/performance/96942



NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH "Down By The Riverside" by Led Zeppelin.


1 opmerking:

  1. Bedankt Joop. Weer een heel project geworden. Mooi.

    Roel

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