dinsdag 25 maart 2014
I Ain't Gonna Study War No More (1920) / Down By The Riverside (1923)
"Down by the Riverside" (also known as "Ain't Gonna Study War No More" and "Gonna lay down my burden") is a gospel song. It was first mentioned on page 66 of Howard W. Odum's "Religious Folk-Songs of the Southern Negroes" (1909)
But similar lyrics can be found on pp 252-53 of Marshall W. Taylor, *A Collection of Revival Hymns and Plantation Melodies* (1882). Unfortunately, this is one of the few items in the book without a tune.
"Down By the Riverside" was also published in “Plantation Melodies: A Collection of Modern, Popular and Old-time Negro-Songs of the Southland”, Chicago, the Rodeheaver Company, 1918.
Alternative titles: “Ain' go'n' to study war no mo'”, “Ain't gonna grieve my Lord no more”, “Ain't Gwine to Study War No More”, “Down by de Ribberside”, “Going to Pull My War-Clothes” and “Study war no more”.
First recorded by the Fisk University Jubilee Singers on December 29, 1920 as "I Ain't Goin' To Study War No More."
Released on Columbia A3596 in 1922.
(c) Homer Rodeheaver and Wiseman Sextet (1923) (as "Down By The River Side")
Recorded early 1923 in New York.
Released on Rainbow 1044
Some copies of Rainbow 1044 read Homer Rodeheaver and the Wood Bros.
(c) Morehouse College Quartette 1923
Recorded June 1923 in Atlanta, GA.
Released on Okeh 4887
Elkins-Payne Jubilee Singers, "Down By the Riverside" (Paramount 12071) recorded in November 1923 is a different song.
Listen here: http://www.allmusic.com/song/down-by-the-riverside-mt0005106612
(c) Vaughan Quartet (1924) (as "Ain't Gwine to Study War No More")
Recorded November 5, 1924 in Richmond
Released on Vaughan 1075
(c) C. Mae Frierson Moore (as "Going to Study War No More")
Recorded September 1925
Released on Paramount 12323
(c) Missouri Pacific Diamond Jubilee Quartette 1927
Recorded April 28, 1927
Released on Okeh 8472
Or to a sample here:
(c) Lester McFarland & Robert Gardner (1927)
Recorded October 16, 1926
Released on Brunswick 108
(c) Sam Morgan's Jazz Band 1927
Recorded October 22, 1927 in New Orleans
Released on Columbia 14267
(c) Norfolk Jubilee Quartet (1927) (as "Down by the Riverside")
Otto Tutson: lead voice
J. "Buddy" Archer: tenor voice
Delrose Hollins: baritone voice
Len Williams: bass voice
Recorded in February 1927 in New York.
Released on Paramount 12445
And on Herwin 93003 (as by the Nazareth Jubilee Quartet)
Or a sample here:
(c) Dixie Jubilee Singers 1928
Recorded August 9, 1928.
Released on BANNER 7237
And also on CHALLENGE 937 (as Jewel Male Quartet)
(c) Leadbelly (1940) ("Ain't Goin' Study War No More")
Recorded in Washington, D.C. August 23, 1940 for the Library of Congress.
Released in 1994 : https://rateyourmusic.com/release/comp/lead_belly/go_down_old_hannah/
(c) Jimmie Lunceford 1940 (as "I Ain't Gonna Study War No More")
Recorded on June 19, 1940 in New York
Released on Columbia 35567
Memphis Minnie (Lizzie Douglas) "Down By the Riverside" (Conqueror 9936 ) recorded on May 21, 1941 is a different song.
(c) Selah Jubilee Singers (1941)
(c) The Four Blues (1945) (as "Study War No Mo")
Released in December 1945 on DeLuxe 1005.
Label image of DeLuxe 1005 released in December 1945. This same record was also released showing "Golden Echo Quartet" in place of "The Four Blues" on the label. Both sides credit "Arranged by Joe Leib"... who was Joe Leibowitz, Musical Director for DeLuxe.
(c) Oak Ridge Quartet (1947) (as "Ain't Gwine to Study War No More")
Recorded June 17, 1946 at Radio Recorders, 7000 Santa Monica Blvd., Hollywood, CA -
Wally Fowler, Johnny New, Lonnie Freeman, Curly Kinsey
Released in November 1947 on Capitol 40057
(c) Sister Rosetta Tharpe (1948) (as "Down By the Riverside"
Recorded in New York City, NY on December 2, 1948
Released on Decca 48106
(c) Big Bill Broonzy (1952)
Recorded live at the Salle Pleyel, Paris, February 5, 1952
Released on various artists album "Jazz Varietes" (Swing-label # M 33.307)
Another version was recorded in March 1952 in Paris for the Vogue-label
Released on 10 inch album "Blues Singer Vol No 2" (Vogue LD 072)
In 1953 Dazz Jordan (songwriting pseudonym of Four Lads member John Bernard Toorish) adapted the lyrics a bit and cleverly copyrighted the song.
Around this time it was also stated that this song was adapted from a 1902 sheet-music version by John J. Nolan
But this was a different song:
(c) Four Lads (1953)
Released May 1953 on Columbia 40005
(c) Bing Crosby, Gary Crosby (voc), John Scott Trotter and his Orchestra 1953
Recorded November 4, 1953 in Los Angeles
Released Decca 28955
(c) Eddy Christiani (1953) (as "Daar Bij de Waterkant")
(Dutch version of "Down by the Riverside" with Dutch lyrics by Jack Bess)
Released on Columbia DH 543
(c) George Lewis (1954) (as "Down By The Riverside")
Released on the album "Jazz At The Vespers" (Riverside Records RLP 12-230)
George Lewis – Down by the Riverside
(c) Mahalia Jackson (1956)
New York City, Tuesday 27 March 1956
Vocals with Falls-Jones Ensemble: Mildred Falls, piano; Ralph Jones, organ; Milton Hinton, bass; Osie Johnson, drums;
Released in 1956 on LP "Bless This House" (Columbia CL 899)
In the next YT Mahalia sings 'Down By The Riverside' in a tribute to american music on the Nat King Cole Show in 1957.
(c) Pete Seeger (1956) (as "Study War No More")
(c) Million Dollar Quartet (1956)
Elvis Presley sung along on this traditional gospel number with Carl Perkins and Jerry Lee Lewis during the Million Dollar Quartet jam session at the Sun Studios in December 1956.
It would be almost 10 years, however, before Elvis recorded a more secular version of the number for the soundtrack of the film "Frankie and Johnny," where it was coupled with "When The Saints Go Marchin' In."
(c) Louis Armstrong (1958)
(c) Guy Carawan (1959) (as "Down By The Riverside")
Guy learned his version from the 1954 LP by George Lewis and Band "Jazz At The Vespers".
Carawan's version was released on the album: "This Little Light Of Mine".
Guy Carawan – Study War No More (Down by the Riverside)
(c) Billy Riley (1959)
(c) Nat King Cole (1960) (as "Ain't Gonna Study War No More")
Original 12-track album released in 1959 on Capitol as ST-1249.
Recorded in September 29, 1958.
Nat King Cole – Ain't Gonna Study War No More
(c) Roy Hamilton (1960)
Listen to a sample here:
(c) Les Compagnons De La Chanson (2/1960) (as "Qu'il fait bon vivre")
Hit in France and USA
Les Compagnons de la Chanson – Qu'il fait bon vivre
(c) Caterina Valente (3/1960)
Listen to a sample here:
(c) Will Tura en Broertje Jan (4/1960) (as "Vrienden Voor 't Leven")
(Flemish version of "Down By The Riverside", following the French version by Les Compagnons De La Chanson)
(c) Willy Hagara (8/1960) (as "Freunde Fürs Leben") (Top 10 Hit Germany)
(German version of "Down By The Riverside", following the Flemish lyrics of the Will Tura version here above)
(c) Laurie London (7/1961)
Listen to a sample here:
(c) Blue Diamonds (1961)
(c) Wynona Carr (1962)
(c) Golden Gate Quartet (1962)
(c) Weavers (1963)
(c) Trini Lopez (1963) (medley: Gotta Travel On / Down By The Riverside / Marianne / When The Saints Go Marching In / Volare)
(c) Eddy and the Crazy Jets Show (1963)
Released on Delta DS 1075
(c) Pete Seeger, Sonny Terry, and Brownie McGhee perform "Down by the Riverside" on Pete Seeger's Rainbow Quest in 1967.
(c) Seekers (1968) (as "Study War No More")
(c) Ace Cannon (1969)
(c) Van Morrison (1971) (on the CD reissue of Tupelo Honey)
(c) Charlie Rich (1976)
(c) Havenzangers (1979) (as "Daar Bij De Waterkant")
Crediting T. Peters / Lurech / Lirach ???
In 1991 they corrected the credits T. Peters / R. Peters / Jack Bess
Willie Dixon's "Study War No More" (1988) is a different song
(c) Peter, Paul & Mary (1998)
(c) Brendan Croker (2003)
Brendan Croker used a set list of 40 protest songs put together in a book, and he made the audience call out numbers between 1-40 and it was pot luck as to what you heard!!!
"Down By The Riverside" was song # 18 of that list.
(o) The Dirty Dozen Brass Band (2004)
The Dirty Dozen Brass Band – Down By The Riverside
(c) The Blind Boys of Alabama (2008)
An extremely loose interpretation of "Down By The Riverside" after 1 minute in the next YT:
NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH "Down By The Riverside" by Led Zeppelin.