donderdag 6 april 2017

Ich Weiss Nicht Was Soll Es Bedeuten (1822) / Die Loreley (1837) / Whispering Hope (1868)


Heinrich Heine wrote the poem "Die Loreley" in 1823, and composer Friedrich Silcher put the words to music in 1838.
The poem was originally titled Ich weiß nicht, was soll es bedeuten
It was song # 2 from Die Heimkehr in his Buch der Lieder which was published in 1827.

SEE ALSO http://www.lieder.net/lieder/get_text.html?TextId=7600

Friedrich Silcher's musical setting was published in 1838 in Heft 3 of "XII Deutsche Volkslieder mit Melodien für 1 oder 2 Singstimmen mit Pianoforte oder Guitarre", (8 Hefte, L. F. Fues, Tübingen, 1835-1860)

Here's a later 1869 edition in 1 Vol. - with only piano arrangements

https://archive.org/stream/SilcherDeutscheVolksliederNeuaufl1869/Silcher-DeutscheVolkslieder-Neuaufl-1869#page/n45/mode/2up

Other composers composed music to Heine's poem, but Friedrich Silcher's is the most popular though Franz Liszt's version is also performed often.

The Loreley, or Lorelei, is a rock on the eastern bank of the Rhine near St. Goarshausen, Germany. It soars 132 meters above the water line. Heavy currents are in that area. According to folklore, Loreley is also the name of a beautiful young siren-like witch who lives on the rock. She combs her golden hair with a gold-comb and lures boatmen to their doom with her songs delivered in a hypnotizing voice. The Lorelei is a variation of sirens in Homer's The Odyssey. Think of a mermaid or water-nymph who lures men to watery deaths. The legend is not old like Homer's tales. The Lorelei began as a ballad written in 1801 by Clemens Baranto: "Zu Bacharach am Rheine." The idea was taken up by Heinrich Heine around 1823 in his poem "Die Lorelei." The singing Lorelei brushes hair atop a rock. Sailors are distracted by her beauty and song. They fail to navigate the waters properly and drown.


HERE IS THE TRANSLATION AS GIVEN BY MARK TWAIN IN A TRAMP ABROAD (1880):

Lorelei

I cannot divine what it meaneth,
This haunting nameless pain: 
A tale of the bygone ages 
Keeps brooding through my brain:
The faint air cools in the gloaming,
And peaceful flows the Rhine, 
The thirsty summits are drinking 
The sunset's flooding wine;

The loveliest maiden is sitting
High-throned in yon blue air,
Her golden jewels are shining, 
She combs her golden hair;

She combs with a comb that is golden,
And sings a weird refrain 
That steeps in a deadly enchantment 
The listener's ravished brain:

The doomed in his drifting shallop,
Is tranced with the sad sweet tone, 
He sees not the yawing breakers, 
He sees but the maid alone:

The pitiless billows engulf him!
So perish sailor and bark; 
And this, with her baleful singing, 
Is the Lorelei's gruesome work.

HERE IS THE GERMAN:

Ich weiß nicht was soll es bedeuten,
Dass ich so traurig bin;
Ein Märchen aus uralten Zeiten,
Das kommt mir nicht aus dem Sinn.

Die Luft ist kühl und es dunkelt,
Und ruhig fließt der Rhein;
Der Gipfel des Berges funkelt
Im Abendsonnenschein.

Die schönste Jungfrau sitzet
Dort oben wunderbar;
Ihr goldnes Geschmeide blitzet,
Sie kämmt ihr goldenes Haar.

Sie kämmt es mit goldenem Kamme
Und singt ein Lied dabei;
Das hat eine wundersame,
Gewalt'ge Melodei.

Den Schiffer im kleinen Schiffe
Ergreift es mit wildem Weh;
Er schaut nicht die Felsenriffe,
Er schaut nur hinauf in die Höh.

Ich glaube, die Wellen verschlingen
Am Ende Schiffer und Kahn;
Und das hat mit ihrem Singen
Die Loreley getan"




Probably the first recording:

(o) Reiss (T) (p)
Recorded June 1898 in New York
Released on Edison # 4413

Labelliste von 'Edison (USA)'. (1898-1904).



(o) Wilhelm Deusing (1899) (pictured below under the black arrow)

Lorelei - W.C. Deusing

Recorded October 1899 in New York City
Released on Edison Brown Wax Cylinder # 7375

Edison Record: 7375. “Die Lorelei” / Wilhelm Deusing. | UCSB Cylinder Audio Archive

Listen here

cylinders.library.ucsb.edu/mp3s/6000/6708/cusb-cyl6708d.mp3



(c) Carl Bernard (1899)
Recorded October 13, 1899 in New York
Released on Berliner 0630

Berliner matrix 0630. Lorelei / Carl Bernhard - Discography of American Historical Recordings



(c) Wilhelm Deusing (1900)
Recorded August 1900 in New York City
Released on Edison Cylinder # 12086

Labelliste von 'Edison (USA)'. (1900-1904).



(c) Sousa's Band (1900)
Recorded October 1, 1900 in Camden, New Jersey
Released on Victor A-356

Victor matrix [Pre-matrix A-]356. Paraphrase of "Die Lorelei" / Sousa's Band - Discography of American Historical Recordings



(c) Kendle's First Regiment Band
Recorded March 28, 1901 in Camden, New Jersey
Released on Victor # 3189

Browse All Recordings | Lorelei, Take 4 (1901-03-28) | National Jukebox LOC.gov

Lorelei - Kendle

Listen here:

cylinders.library.ucsb.edu/mp3s/4000/4297/cusb-cyl4297d.mp3



(c) Peerles Orchestra (1902)
Released on Edison Gold Moulded Cylinder # 8176

Edison Gold Moulded Record: 8176. “Loreley” / Peerless Orchestra. | UCSB Cylinder Audio Archive

Listen here: cylinders.library.ucsb.edu/mp3s/4000/4296/cusb-cyl4296d.mp3

Or here: cylinders.library.ucsb.edu/mp3s/4000/4297/cusb-cyl4297d.mp3



(c) Emil Muench (1901) (as "Ich weiss nicht, was soll es bedeuten")
Recorded around 1901 in New York
Released on Columbia # 131

Columbia matrix 131. Ich weiss nicht was soll es bedeuten / Emil Muench - Discography of American Historical Recordings



(c) Emil Muench (1902)  (as "Lorelei")
Recorded August 4, 1902 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Released on Victor Monarch # 946

Lorelei - Emil Muench

Browse All Recordings | Lorelei, Take M-1 (1902-08-04) | National Jukebox LOC.gov

Victor matrix [Pre-matrix B-]946. Lorelei / Emil Muench - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Listen here:





(c) Emil Muench (1904)
Released on Edison Goldwax Cylinder: 12800

Listen here:

http://cylinders.library.ucsb.edu/search.php?queryType=@attr+1=1020&num=1&start=1&query=cylinder13375

Or here:





(c) Haydn Quartet (1903)  (as "The Lorelei")
Recorded October, 7, 1903 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Released on Victor Monarch # 2510

Lorelei - Haydn Quartet

Victor matrix B-506. Die Lorelei / Haydn Quartet - Discography of American Historical Recordings



(c) Agnes Hermann (1907) (as "Ich weiss nicht was soll es bedeuten")
Recorded January 1907 in Berlin
Released on the Edison 15645

Die Musiktitel von 'Herrmann, Agnes'. © 25.02.2017 by Henry König

Listen here:

https://archive.org/download/edgm-15645/edgm-15645.mp3



(c) Gustav Franz  1907 (with Rudolf Thiele Orchestra)
Recorded February 1907 in Berlin
Matrix xB 2308
Released on Odeon  X 51245
Rereleased on Odeon X 64144 and Odeon O-5034 (X 51245)

http://discography.phonomuseum.at/odeon/odmxB.pdf

Ich weiss nicht was soll es bedeuten - Gustav Fr



(c) Rost'schen Solo-Quartett (1907)
Recorded June 1907 in Hannover
Released on Favorite l-19225

Loreley - Rost

Listen here:

DISMARC - Metastore - Detail view



(c) Clara Moister and Beulah Gaylord Young (1911) (as "Whispering Hope")
(crediting Alice Hawthorne, an alias for Septimus Winner who wrote the lyrics in 1868)
Recorded October 4, 1911 in New York
Released on Columbia A 1091

whispering hope - beulah gaylord young clara moi

Columbia matrix 19586. Whispering hope / Clara Moister ; Beulah Gaylord Young - Discography of American Historical Recordings



(c) Alma Gluck and Louise Homer (1912) (as "Whispering Hope")  (#5 Hit in the US Charts)
Recorded April 12, 1912 in Camden, New Jersey
Released on Victor 87107

Victor matrix B-11866. Whispering hope / Alma Gluck ; Louise Homer - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Browse All Recordings | Whispering hope, Take 2 (1912-04-12) | National Jukebox LOC.gov

whispering hope - alma gluck - louise homer 1912

Listen here:





(c) Elsie Baker (1912) (as "Loreley")
Recorded September 27, 1912 in Camden, New Jersey
Released on Victor 17181

Victor matrix B-12419. Loreley / Elsie Baker - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Loreley - Elsie Baker 1912

Listen here:





(c) Elsie Baker and Olive Kline (1914) (as "Whispering Hope")
Recorded December 7, 1914 in Camden, New Jersey
Released on Victor 17782

Victor matrix B-15466. Whispering hope / Elsie Baker ; Olive Kline - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Browse All Recordings | Whispering hope, Take 3 (1914-12-07) | National Jukebox LOC.gov

whispering hope - olive kline and elsie baker 19

Listen here:





(c) Elisabeth van Endert (1914)

Image and video hosting by TinyPic



(c) Ernestine Schumann-Heink (1915)
Recorded September 15, 1915 in Camden New Jersey
Released on Victor 88547 (one-sided)
Also released on Victrola 6273

Victor matrix C-16503. Lorelei / Ernestine Schumann-Heink - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Ernestine Schumann-Heink - Lorelei - Volkslied (Shellac) at Discogs

DISMARC - Metastore - Detail view

Lorelei - Ernestine Schumann-Heink 1

Lorelei - Ernestine Schumann-Heink

Listen here:





(c)  Vivian Holt and  Lillian Rosedale (1920)

Whispering hope - Public Domain Media Database

whispering hope - 1920

Listen here: www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/m2/f7/10750.mp3



(c) Richard Tauber (1926)
Recorded May 16, 1926 (Matrix xxB7466)
Released on Odeon O-8219

Lorelei - Richard Tauber

O-8219 | richard-tauber.de

http://www.richard-tauber.de/wp-content/pdf/TAUBER-CHRONOLOGY.pdf

Listen here





(c) Berliner Lehrergesangverein 1928
Recorded February 16, 1928 in Berlin
Released on Odeon )-6593

http://discography.phonomuseum.at/odeon/odmxB.pdf

Image and video hosting by TinyPic

Listen here





(c) Heinrich Schlusnus (1930)

DISMARC - Metastore - Detail view

Listen here:






(c) In Disney's Silly Symphony "King Neptune" (1932)
It was hummed by a group of mermaids after 50 seconds in the next YT





(c) Richard Tauber (1939)
Recorded April 20, 1939 in London (master CE 9758-1)
with Percy Kahn (piano)
Released on Parlophone RO 20442





(c) Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae (1949)  (as "Whispering Hope")
(# 4 Hit in the US Charts / Millionseller)
Recorded June 3, 1949
Released on Capitol 57-690

Jo Stafford & Gordon MacRae - A Thought In My Heart / Whispering Hope (Shellac) at Discogs

Listen here:





(c) Jim Reeves (1958) (as "Whispering Hope")
Recorded September 4, 1958 in Nashville, TN
Jim Reeves [vcl/gt], Hank Garland [gt], Velma Smith [gt], Bob Moore [bass], Floyd Cramer [piano] + Anita Kerr Singers. Producer: Chet Atkins)
Released on the album "God Be With You" (RCA Victor LPM/LSP-1950)

Jim Reeves - God Be With You (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

Listen here:





(c) Mieke Telkamp & Yvone Oostveen (1962)  (Hit in the Netherlands)

Mieke Telkamp en Yvonne Oostveen - Home Sweet Home (Vinyl) at Discogs

45cat - Mieke Telkamp - Home Sweet Home / Whispering Hope - Philips - Netherlands - 318 215 PF

Listen here





(c) Ronny (1968) (as "Ich Weiß Nicht, Was Soll Es Bedeuten (Die Loreley)"

Ronny LP - Hohe Tannen - Telefunken SLE 14 512 (1968)

Listen here:





(c) Vera Lynn (1972) (as "Whispering Hope")

Vera Lynn With Mike Sammes Singers - Favourite Sacred Songs (Vinyl, LP) at Discogs

45cat - Vera Lynn - Remembering / Whispering Hope - Columbia - UK - DB 8992

Listen here:





(c) Willie Nelson (1975)

February 1973 Atlantic Studios, 11 W, 60th St., New York City - Willie Nelson 
Larry Gatlin [gt/bck vcl], Jimmy Day [steel/dobro], Dan Spears [bass], Paul English [drums],Bobbie Nelson [piano], Jeff Gutcheon [organ] + Sammi Smith, Dee Moeller, Doug Sahm [bck vcl]).

263 26043 WHISPERING HOPE Atlantic SD 7275

Atlantic Records Catalog: 7200 series

This Atlantic session was not released at the time, but more than 2 years later was remixed and released on the Columbia-label:

September/October 1975 Atlantic Recording Studio, 11 W, 60th St., New York City - Willie Nelson (Producer: Arif Mardin)

325 WHISPERING HOPE KC-34112

Willie Nelson - The Troublemaker (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs





(c) Vicky Leandros (1977)  (as "Die Loreley")

VICKY LEANDROS | Offizielle Website & Fanclub



(c) Mireille Mathieu (1977)  (as "Ich Weiss Nicht Was Soll Es Bedeuten")

Mireille Mathieu - Die Schonsten Deutschen Volkslieder (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

Listen here:





(c) Heino (1980) (as "Ich Weiss Nicht Was Soll Es Bedeuten")

Heino - Die schönsten deutschen Volkslieder (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

Listen here:






More versions here: The Originals © by Arnold Rypens - LORELEI LIED, DAS





As I said above other composers composed music to Heine's poem, but Silcher's is the most popular though Liszt's version is also performed often.

Here's a version by Louise Homer from 1909

(c) Louise Homer (1909)
Recorded October 11, 1909 in Camden, New Jersey
Released on Victor 88204

Lorelei - Louise homer 1909

Victor matrix C-8293. Die Lorelei / Louise Homer - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Listen here:





And here's a version by Sigrid Onegin from 1929

DISMARC - Metastore - Detail view



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