dinsdag 28 februari 2017

Ellen's III. Gesang (Hymne An Die Jungfrau) (1825) / Ave Maria (1826) / Eva Magdalena (1969)

"Ave Maria" is a popular and much-recorded setting of the Latin text "Ave Maria", a traditional Catholic prayer asking for the intercession of the "Blessed Virgin Mary", the mother of Jesus.
The first part of this prayer, the Scriptural part, is taken from the Gospel of St. Luke and joins together the words of the Angel Gabriel at the Annunciation (Luke 1:28) together with Elizabeth's greeting to Mary at the Visitation (Luke 1:42)
Later, probably by Pope Urban IV around the year 1262, Jesus' name was inserted at the end of the two passages.
"Ave Maria, gratia plena, Dominus tecum. Benedicta tu in mulieribus, et benedictus fructus ventris tui, Iesus".
The second half of the prayer ("Sancta Maria, Mater Dei, ora pro nobis nunc et in hora mortis nostrae") can be traced back to the 15th Century in a Roman Breviary
The current form of the prayer became the standard form sometime in the 16th century and was included in the reformed Breviary promulgated by Pope St. Pius V in 1568.

As I said above the prayer has been set to various musical settings over the course of time.
Already in 1788 Mozart had written a melody for the Catholic prayer.
A very famous musical setting is the Bach/Gounod setting from 1853, which I have covered here: Joop's Musical Flowers: Praeludium # 1 (1722) / Méditation sur le 1er Prélude de S. Bach (1853) / Ave Maria (1859)

After the Mozart, but before the Bach/Gounod setting, the prayer had been set to music by Franz Schubert around 1825.
In that year Franz Schubert composed "Ellens dritter Gesang" ("Ellens Gesang III", D. 839, Op. 52, No. 6, 1825), in English: "Ellen's Third Song", as part of his Opus 52, a setting of seven songs from Walter Scott's popular epic poem The Lady of the Lake,

The particular poem "Hymn To The Virgin" (verse XXIX from Canto Third) from Walter Scott's The Lady of the Lake, was first translated into German by Adam Storck (de) (1780–1822),
Storck's translation then became the basis for Schubert's book of songs, Liederzyklus vom Fräulein vom See (Song Cycle Of "The Lady Of The Lake"), composed in 1825. There the "Ave Maria" song is called "Ellen's III. Gesang (Hymne An Die Jungfrau)" ("Ellen's Third Song (Hymn To The Virgin)".
An edition of the songs set to both the German words by Storck and to Scott's original English words was published in 1826 as Schubert's Op. 52, under the title "Sieben Gesänge aus Walter Scotts Fräulein vom See" (Seven Songs from Walter Scott's Lady of the Lake).


The opening words and refrain of Ellen's song, namely "Ave Maria" (Latin for "Hail Mary"), may have led to the idea of adapting Schubert's melody as a setting for the full text of the traditional Roman Catholic prayer "Ave Maria". The Latin version of the "Ave Maria" is now so frequently used with Schubert's melody that it has led to the misconception that he originally wrote the melody as a setting for the "Ave Maria".

(o) Edith Clegg (1898)  (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Recorded October 11, 1898 in Maiden Lane, London
Matrix y-8-1
Released on Berliner's Gramophone E 3023


Search Results for EDITH CLEGG

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(c) Albert Piccaluga (1903)
Recorded January 1903 in Paris
Matrix 1398f
Released on Disque Pour Gramophone (Gramophone and Typewriter) # 2-32666 (or 2-32667?)
Also released on Zonophone X-82064

Search Results for Piccaluga, Albert

And in 1904 Albert Piccaluga recorded a version in Paris for the Columbia-label (# 50591)

SLUB Mediathek

And in March 1905 Albert Piccaluga recorded a version in Paris for the Odeon-label
Matrix xP 1317
Released on Odeon X 36034


And in January 1907 Albert Piccaluga recorded a version in Paris for the APGA-label
Released on APGA # 1573

(c) Olga von Türck-Rohn (1904)
Recorded Ocober 1904 in Vienna
Matrix 2421h
Released on G&T 43649


(c) Josef Hollman (1906) (instrumental)
Recorded February 1, 1906 in New York
Released on Victor 64001 and Victrola 64001

Victor matrix B-3078. Ave Maria / Joseph Hollman - Discography of American Historical Recordings

Browse All Recordings | Ave Maria, Take 1 (1906-02-01) | National Jukebox LOC.gov

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(c) Maud Powell (1910) (instrumental)
Recorded May 25, 1910 in New York
Released on Victrola 74177

Victor matrix C-9014. Ave Maria / Maud Powell - Discography of American Historical Recordings

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(c) Julia Culp (1910) (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Otto Bake, piano
Recorded 1910 in Berlin
Released on Anker E 9453

Culp Julia - Discography |


Listen here: media.slub-dresden.de/fon/snp/a/009243/fon_snp_a_009243_02.mp3

(c) Karl Erb (1912) (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Recorded July 1912 in Berlin
Matrix xxB 5740
Released on Odeon # 76342, also on 53267 and O-6444


Listen here: media.slub-dresden.de/fon/snp/a/007605/fon_snp_a_007605_01.mp3

(c) Hedwig Zimmer (1910)  (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Recorded in March 1910 in Berlin
Released on Edison Amberol Cylinder # 15086 and Edisin Blue Amberol # 26137


“Ave Maria” / Hedwig Zimmer. | UCSB Cylinder Audio Archive

Listen here: digilib.syr.edu/cylinder/image/1249.mp3

(c) John McCormack (1914) (with the English lyrics by Sir Walter Scott)
Recorded March 25,1914 in New York
Released on Victor 88484 and Victrola 8033

Victor matrix C-14633. Ave Maria / John McCormack - Discography of American Historical Recordings

John McCormack (2), Fritz Kreisler - Ave Maria (Hail, Mary!) / Angel's Serenade (Shellac) at Discogs

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(c) Lucy Isabelle Marsh (1915) (with the English lyrics by Sir Walter Scott)
Recorded January 6, 1915 in Camden, New Jersey
Released on Victor 55052

Browse All Recordings | Ave Maria, Take 5 (1915-01-06) | National Jukebox LOC.gov

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(c) Frieda Hempel (1921)  (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Recorded 1921 in Berlin
Matrix 341av
Released on Schallplatte Grammophon # 043370


Listen here: media.slub-dresden.de/fon/snp/a/019648/fon_snp_a_019648_01_hp.mp3

And here:

(c) Marie Rappold (1921) (with English lyrics by ??)
Albert Spalding: violin
Recorded June 1921 in New York
Released on Edison 82258


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(c) Emmy Heckmann-Bettendorf  (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Max Saal (harp)
Recorded January 27, 1922 in Berlin
Matrix 2-5721
Released on Parlophon P-1492


Listen here: media.slub-dresden.de/fon/snp/a/019050/fon_snp_a_019050_02.mp3

(c) Emmi Leisner (1923)  (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Recorded February 1923 in Berlin
Matrix 1068as
Released on Schallplatte "Grammophon" # B 24198 (72838)


Listen here: media.slub-dresden.de/fon/snp/a/007370/fon_snp_a_007370_01.mp3

(c) Olga Haley (around 1925)
Recorded around 1925 in London
Matrix 04201
Released on Vocalion K-05257

(c) Lotte Lehmann (1927)  (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Recorded December 6, 1927
Matrix xxb 7874
Released on Odeon O-8719 and on Decca PG 25797

The Lehmann Recordings

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(c) Emmy Bettendorf  (1929) (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Paul Mania (organ) Recorded February 18, 1929 in Berlin Released on Parlophon P-9378-I


Listen here: media.slub-dresden.de/fon/snp/a/003321/fon_snp_a_003321_01.mp3

(c) Martha Eggerth (1933)

Ave Maria

(c) Erna Berger (1933)  (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Max Saal (harp)
Recorded in 1933 in Berlin
Matrix 5589 1/2  BD8
Released on Grammophon (Polydor) # 10098


Listen here: media.slub-dresden.de/fon/snp/b/006965/fon_snp_b_006965_01.mp3

(c) Elisabeth Schumann (1934)  (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Leo Rosenek: conductor
Recorded June 23, 1934 in Vienna
Matrix 2WX766-2
Released on Electrola DB 2291 (32-4807) and Victor 8423

Listen here: media.slub-dresden.de/fon/snp/a/019760/fon_snp_a_019760_01.mp3

(c) Marian Anderson (1936)  (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Kosti Vehanen: piano
Recorded February 4, 1936 in New York
Released on Victor 14210

Listen here:

(c) Rosa Ponselle (1939) (with the Latin lyrics of the prayer)
Mischa Schmidt: violin
Recorded November 1, 1939
Released on Victor VB 74

Listen here:

(c) Deanna Durbin (1940)  (with the Latin lyrics of the prayer)
Recorded February 28, 1940 in Los Angeles
Released on Decca 3061 and Brunswick 02975

Listen here:

Deanna also sang her version in the movie: "It's A Date".

Walt Disney used Schubert's song in the final part of his 1940 film "Fantasia", with the Philadelphia Orchestra and chorus joined by soprano Julietta Novis.
Released date of the film was November 13, 1940
The text for this version is sung in English, and was written by Rachel Field.

Ave Maria! Heaven's Bride.
The bells ring out in solemn praise,
for you, the anguish and the pride.
The living glory of our nights,
of our nights and days.
The Prince of Peace your arms embrace,
while hosts of darkness fade and cower.
Oh save us, mother full of grace,
In life and in our dying hour,
Ave Maria!

A V E   M A R I A   s t o r y

Leopold Stokowski With The Philadelphia Orchestra - Walt Disney's Fantasia (Vinyl, LP) at Discogs

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(c) Dorothy Maynor (1940)  (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Arpad Sandor: piano
Released on Victor 15752

Dorothy Maynor, soprano, Arpad Sandor, piano / Dorothy Maynor [compact disc]:Compact Disc Description: Performing Arts Encyclopedia, Library of Congress

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(c) Richard Tauber (1941)  (with the Latin lyrics of the prayer)
Recorded Augustus 25, 1941 in London
Released on Parlophone RO 20501


Listen here:

(c) Vera Lynn (1943) (with the English lyrics by Sir Walter Scott)
Recorded December 1942
Released on Decca F-8256

Listen here:

(c) Bing Crosby (1945)  (with the Latin lyrics of the prayer)
Recorded July 30, 1945 in Los Angeles

Selections from Going My Way - Wikipedia

78 RPM - Bing Crosby - Ave Maria / Home Sweet Home - Decca - USA - 18705

In 1944 Bing also sang a version in the movie "Going My Way" (released May 3, 1944)

Listen here: Bing Crosby-Risë Stevens -Ave Maria

(c) Beniamino Gigli (1947)  (with the Latin lyrics of the prayer)
Recorded November 26, 1947 in London
Matrix 2EA10684-1
Released on HMV DB6619 and Victor 12-0400

78 RPM - Beniamino Gigli - Ave Maria, Op. 52, No. 6 / Caches Dans Cet Asile - His Master's Voice - UK - D.B.6619


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(c) Perry Como (1949)  (with the Latin lyrics of the prayer)
Recorded September 30, 1949 in New York City
Released on RCA Victor 28-0436

Ave Maria

Perry Como - Ave Maria / The Lord's Prayer (Shellac) at Discogs

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(c) Sarah Vaughan (1951)  (with the English lyrics by Sir Walter Scott adapted by T. Baker)
Recorded January 17, 1951 in New York
Matrix CO 45114
Released on Columbia 39207

Listen here: http://www.jazz-on-line.com/a/mp3c/COLCO45114.mp3

(c) Irmgard Seefried (1952)  (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)
Erik Werba (piano)
Recorded September 13, 1952 in Vienna.
Released on Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft # 46007

45cat - Irmgard Seefried, Sopran - Ave Maria / Romanze - Deutsche Grammophon - Germany - 30 128 EPL

Listen here: media.slub-dresden.de/fon/snp/b/007103/fon_snp_b_007103_01.mp3

(c) Joan Baez (1966)  (with the German lyrics by Adam Storck)

Joan Baez - Noël (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

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(c) Stevie Wonder (1967)  (with the Latin lyrics of the prayer)

Stevie Wonder - Ave Maria

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(c) Curd Borkmann (1969)  (as "Eva Magdalena") (German lyrics by Karl Götz and Kurt Hertha)

45cat - Curd Borkmann - Eva Magdalena / Sturmvogel - Cornet - Germany - 3095

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(c) Malcolm Roberts (1969) (as "Eva Magdalena") (English lyrics by G.Whitehead and T.Gardner)

45cat - Malcolm Roberts - Love Is All / Eva Magdelena - Major Minor - UK - MM 637

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(c) D.C. Lewis (1971) (as "Eva Magdalena") (Dutch lyrics by Jochem van Renesse)

D.C. Lewis - Eva Magdalena / De Tijd (Vinyl) at Discogs

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(c) Nana Mouskouri (1975)  (with German lyrics by Brigitte Otto)

Nana Mouskouri - Sieben Schwarze Rosen (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

(c) Nina Hagen (1989)  (with German lyrics by Brigitte Otto)

Nina Hagen (album) - Wikipedia

(c) Celine Dion (1998) (with (partly) the English lyrics by Sir Walter Scott and the Latin lyrics)

These Are Special Times - Wikipedia

(c) Barbra Streisand (2001)

Christmas Memories - Wikipedia

(c) Michael Bublé (2011)  (with the Latin lyrics of the prayer)

Christmas (Michael Bublé album) - Wikipedia

Listen here:

In 2014 Fairuz recorded a version in memory of her ex-husband Assi Rahbani, who wrote the lyrics of this version of "Ave Maria".

Listen here:

More versions here:

The Originals © by Arnold Rypens - AVE MARIA

Cover versions of Ave Maria written by Franz Schubert,[Traditional] | SecondHandSongs

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