maandag 9 april 2018

Texas Rangers (1916) / Texas Ranger (1926) / Come All You Texas Rangers / Come All You Coal Miners (1937)


"The Texas Ranger", another ballad of the trail, is of the familiar "Come, all ye" pattern. It introduces an incident that is a reminder of the fact, that in the middle of the 19th century, the cowboys were useful to the on-coming settlers in repelling Indian attacks and in pushing the frontier westward.

History of the Texas Ranger Division - Wikipedia

http://www.ibiblio.org/keefer/t03.htm#Texra

http://www.fresnostate.edu/folklore/ballads/LA08.html

The words of this song were published in books by Mellinger Henry, Louise Pound, John A. Lomax, and others, but the tunes seem to be rare.

-Mellinger E. Henry, "More Songs From the Southern Highlands," The Journal of American Folk-Lore, v. XLIV (1931), pp. 85-87, "Come, all you Tennesseemen," 13 stanzas, no tune.

Folk Songs from the Southern Highlands - songbook P0449

Folk Songs from the Southern Highlands - songbook P0450

Folk Songs from the Southern Highlands - songbook P0451

-Louise Pound, American Ballads and Songs (1922), p. 163, no tune;

https://archive.org/stream/americanballads00poungoog#page/n204/mode/2up

-John A. Lomax, Cowboy Songs and Other Frontier Ballads (1910), pp. 44-46, no tune;

http://www.archive.org/stream/cowboysongsother00lomauoft#page/44/mode/2up


But even before that, Henry Marvin Belden published the song in 1904.
In 1904, Harry Fore, one of Belden’s students from Gentryville, lent him a song manuscript dating from the 1870s in Gentry County. This included a 10 stanzas version of "Texas Rangers".
And already in 1903 Emma Simmons sent Belden thirteen songs from her native Carroll County, Arkansas, ao."Texas Rangers".

 http://missourifolkloresociety.truman.edu/belden.html

http://mudcat.org/thread.cfm?threadid=50119


In an article in "The Journal of American Folklore" Vol. 25, No. 95 (Jan. - Mar., 1912), pp. 14-15, H. M. Belden states that "The Texas Rangers", despite its mention of Indians and the Rio Grande, is surely an echo of the great fight at the Alamo on March 6, 1835.

https://www.jstor.org/stable/534464?seq=14#page_scan_tab_contents

Belden also states that certain resemblances suggest that this was modelled on the British Ballad "Nancy of Yarmouth".

https://www.jstor.org/stable/534464?seq=15#page_scan_tab_contents


Albert H. Tolman and Mary O. Eddy in "The Journal of American Folklore" Vol. 35, No. 138 (Oct. - Dec., 1922), pp. 417-418

Sung to Miss Eddy by Mr. Summer, Canton, Ohio, learned by him about 1869.

https://www.jstor.org/stable/534991?seq=83#page_scan_tab_contents


In February 1939 in an article by Myra E. Hull in #1 of volume VIII of the Kansas Historical Quarterly the version has both words and music contributed by N.P. Power, Lawrence, February 18, 1938. He set the song down from memory as he heard it in 1876, while a cowboy on the John Hitson cattle ranch, eighteen miles north of Deer Trail, Colo. Mr. Power says that he has never seen the song in print and has no knowledge of the author. His version is much the earliest that Hull has found. This John Hitson is doubtless the one mentioned by T. U. Taylor (op. cit., p. 70) who drove cattle in 1868. Mr. Power thinks that the song here recorded was sung by Frank H. Long, whose father owned a ranch in Texas.

https://archive.org/stream/kansashistorical08kansrich#page/42/mode/2up


In 1939 the song is published in Ballads and Songs of Southern Michigan

https://archive.org/stream/in.ernet.dli.2015.179308/2015.179308.Ballads-And-Songs-Of-Southern-Michigan#page/n259/mode/2up


In 1940 the song is published in Ballads and Songs of Indiana

https://archive.org/stream/in.ernet.dli.2015.58170/2015.58170.Ballads-And-Songs-Of-Indiana#page/n321/mode/2up


In 1944 the song is published in Vol 57 of the Journal of American Folklore (pp 72-76)

https://www.jstor.org/stable/535758?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents


Volume 2 of the Frank C. Brown Collection of North Carolina Folklore gives us 4 versions:

https://archive.org/stream/frankcbrowncolle02fran#page/544/mode/2up

The lyrics was set to various tunes in the folk process. But the tune most often used nowadays, was probably introduced by the Cartwright Brothers in1929.



HERE ARE SOME RECORDINGS:

(o) Ernest V. Stoneman (1926) (as "The Texas Ranger")
Recorded April 1926
Released on Okeh 45054 (as the B-side of "Don't Let Your Deal Go Down")

OKeh matrix 74109. The Texas Ranger / Ernest V. Stoneman - Discography of American Historical Recordings

http://www.discogs.com/Ernest-V-Stoneman-Dont-Let-Your-Deal-Go-Down-The-Texas-Ranger/release/4420832

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Listen here:





(c) Lester McFarland and Robert A. Gardner (1927)  (as "The Texas Ranger")
Recorded May 3, 1927
Released on Vocalion B 5177 and Brunswick 168

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WANTED: SOUNDFILE


(c) Harry "Mac" McClintock (1928)  (as "The Texas Rangers")
Recorded March 1, 1928 in Oakland, CA
Released on Victor 21487 and Montgomery Ward M-4784

Victor matrix PBVE-42044. The Texas Rangers / Mac [i.e., Harry K. McClintock] - Discography of American Historical Recordings

http://victor.library.ucsb.edu/index.php/matrix/detail/800016279/PBVE-42044-The_Texas_Rangers

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Listen here:





(c) Cartwright Brothers (1929)  (as "Texas Ranger")
Recorded August 11, 1929
Released on Victor V-40198 and re-released on Bluebird B-5355 and Montgomery Ward M-4460



Cartwright Brothers - The Dying Ranger / Texas Ranger at Discogs

Cartwright Brothers - The Dying Ranger / Texas Ranger (Shellac) at Discogs

Cartwright Brothers - The Dying Ranger / Texas Ranger (Shellac) at Discogs

http://victor.library.ucsb.edu/index.php/matrix/detail/800026438/BVE-55335-Texas_ranger

Listen here:





Most of the versions below, use the melody of the Cartwright Brothers version.

In 1937 Alan Lomax recorded Sarah Ogan Gunning singing a miner's version of the song.

(c) Sarah Ogan (Gunning) (1937)  (as "Come All You Coal Miners")
Recorded on November 13, 1937 in New York City by Alan Lomax

Come all you coal miners | Library of Congress

Come All You Coal Miners · Alan Lomax Kentucky Recordings

The Originals © by Arnold Rypens - COME ALL YOU COAL MINERS

Released on Various - Oh My Little Darling: Folk Song Types (Vinyl, LP) at Discogs

Listen here: www.newworldrecords.org/media/fileImZcQ.mp3

Or here: https://ia801300.us.archive.org/23/items/afc1938008_1944A/205.mp3



In May 1939 Alan Lomax also recorded Sarah Ogan's sister, Aunt Molly Jackson, singing a version for the Library of Congress

(c) Aunt Molly Jackson (1939)  (as "The Texas Rangers")
Recorded in May 1939 in New York City by Alan Lomax

http://www.loc.gov/item/afc9999005.8596

Listen here: https://ia800409.us.archive.org/15/items/AFC19390122556B/AFC19390122556B.mp3



(c) Sloan Matthews (1942) (as "The Texas Rangers")
on the album "Cowboy Songs, Ballads and Cattle Calls from Texas",
Library of Congress AFS L28, LP (1952), cut#A.05
Recorded in Pecos, Texas in 1942 (John A. Lomax)

Listen here:





(c) Paul Clayton (1957)

Cumberland Mountain Folksongs - Smithsonian Folkways







(c) New Lost City Ramblers (1960) (as "Texas Rangers")

The New Lost City Ramblers - Vol. II (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

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(c) Ian & Sylvia (1964)  (as "Texas Rangers")

Listen here:





(c) Hedy West (1967)  (as "The Texan Ranger")

Hedy West - Ballads (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

Hedy West



Listen here:





(c) Almeda Riddle (1977) (as "Come All You Texas Rangers")

http://www.minstrelrecords.com/JD-203/JD-203_Notes.html

Listen here:





(c) Michael Martin Murphy (1990)

Michael Martin Murphey - Cowboy Songs (CD, Album) at Discogs





(c) Cordelia's Dad (1992)

Cordelia's Dad - How Can I Sleep? (CD, Album) at Discogs





(c) Jerry Douglas and Peter Rowan (1996)

Jerry Douglas & Peter Rowan - Yonder (CD, Album) at Discogs





(c) Katy Moffatt (2001)

Katy Moffatt - Cowboy Girl (CD) at Discogs







Part of the tune and the lyrics of   "(Come All You) Texas Rangers" were used in the traditional song: "(Come All Ye) Tramps And Hawkers" 
(See http://jopiepopie.blogspot.nl/2014/08/come-all-ye-tramps-and-hawkers-1890s.html )



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