vrijdag 16 februari 2018

Nightingale's Song (1690's) / Bold Grenadier (1710's) / Soldier and the Lady (1907) / Lady and the Grenadier (1907) / Wild Rippling Water (1934) / Fiddling Soldier (1937) / Song to Woody (1962) / With God on our Side (1963)


"The Nightingale" or "One Morning in May" (Roud 140, Laws P14) is a folk song which has been collected from traditional singers in England and the USA and has also been recorded by revival singers. Through the use of double-entendre, at least in the English versions, it tells of a sexual encounter between a grenadier (or soldier) and a lady. Lyrics have been traced to the late 17th or early 18th Century. There are a number of textual and musical variants, and the song has many titles. The most frequent in the Roud Index are "The Nightingale", "The Bold Grenadier", and "One Morning in May", in that order.


The earliest known text is a Broadside ballad titled "The nightingale's song: or The soldier's rare musick, and maid's recreation" published between 1689 and 1709 by W. Onley of London, in the Bodleian Ballad Collection (Roud Number 140)
This text has a pious moral at the end which both later publishers and traditional singers dispensed with. The tune is: "No, no, not I" or "Peggy and the Soldier"



CLICK HERE TO ZOOM IN The Nightingale's Song (Bodleian sheet) (1689-1709)

The Nightingale's Song: Or the Soldier's Rare Musick, and Maid's Recreation (Roud Folksong Index S354767)


Anoter early variation in the Bodleian Ballad Collection is a Broadside titled: "Bold Grenadier".



CLICK HERE TO ZOOM IN: Bold Grenadier (Bodleian Sheet)

Bold Grenadier (Roud Folksong Index S138562)

Here's the link to the Bodleian Library: Ballads Online



In 1903 "As I Was Walking One Morning in May" appears as song # 663 in part II of the Petrie Collection of Irish Music, bearing the attribution "From P. Coneely".
Its relation to "One Morning in May" (Roud #140) is unclear.



Here's The complete collection of Irish music / as noted by George Petrie ; edited from the original manuscripts, by Charles Villiers Stanford.



On December, 1903 Ralph Vaughan Williams collected a version from Mr. Garman from Forest Green, Surrey, England



The Dragoon And The Lady (Ralph Vaughan Williams Manuscript Collection (at British Library) RVW2/4/23)

On January 9, 1905 Ralph Vaughan Williams collected a version from Mr. Carter from King's Lynn, Norfolk, England

The Dragoon And The Lady (Ralph Vaughan Williams Manuscript Collection (at British Library) RVW2/3/67)



Early 20th century Henry Marvin Belden collected some versions in Missouri, USA, that were compiled in "Missouri Folk-Lore Society ballads, songs, rimes, games, riddles, etc. collected between 1903 and 1917".
This material was most likely given to George Lyman Kittredge in 1917, but not deposited in the library until 1932.

Series: II. Ballads and songs, British and American (#40) See Next Link:
Belden, Henry Marvin, 1865-1954, compiler. Missouri Folk-Lore Society ballads, songs, rimes, games, riddles, etc. collected between 1903 and 1917, 1916-1917: Guide.

- WS Johnson 1903 in Tuscumbia - pp.239-244 (version a)

The Nightingale (Roud Folksong Index S155884)

-Will J. Carrington in Jefferson City - pp.239-244 (version b)

The Nightingale (Roud Folksong Index S155885)

-Version collected in Columbus, Kansas - pp.239-244 (version c)

One Morning in May (Roud Folksong Index S157065)

-Mrs. Turley 1912 in Farmington - pp.239-244 (version d)

One Morning in May (Roud Folksong Index S157066)

-Mrs. Edwards 1911 in Bartold - pp.239-244 (version e)

One Morning in May (Roud Folksong Index S157067)

-Mrs Case 1916 in Harrison County - pp.239-244 (version f)

The Nightingale (Roud Folksong Index S155886)



Cecil Sharp collected 9 versions from Somerset, England, between 1904 and 1907:

-Mrs. Trott, August 22, 1904 in Langport, Somerset.



As I Was A Walking One Morning In May / The Bold Grenadier (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/344)

The Bold Grenadier / Nightingale / As I Was Walking One Morning In May (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/9/472)

-Susan Williams, September 2, 1905 in Haselbury Plucknett, Somerset

Bold Grenadier (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/627)

The Bold Grenadier / Nightingale (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/9/704)

-William Stokes, August 27, 1906 in Chew Stokes, Somerset

The Bold Grenadier (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/1075)

-Jim Proll, September 10, 1906 in Monksilver, Somerset

The Grenadier / The Bold Grenadier (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/1136)

The Bold Grenadier (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/9/1128)

-John Wedlock, January 11, 1907 in Chew Magna, Somerset

The Grenadir And The Lady [The Grenadier And The Lady] / The Bold Grenadir [The Bold Grenadier] (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/1167)

-Alfred Emery, April 4, 1908 in Othery, Somerset

The Grenadier (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/1588)

The Grenadier (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/9/1437)

-Alfred J. Nevill, August 10, 1908 in East Coker, Somerset

The Bold Grenadier (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/1781)

-Lucy Dunston, April 16, 1909 in Bridgwater, Somerset.

The Grenadier (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/2183)

-Frederick Vowles, January 7, 1916 in Meare, Somerset

The Soldier And The Nightingale (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/3097)



Henry Hammond noted it down five times in Somerset and Dorset between 1905 and 1907.

Amos Ash, April 1905 in Combe Florey, Somerset



The Bold Brigadier (Henry Hammond Manuscript Collection HAM/2/1/2)

William Bartlett, August 1905 in a workhouse in Wimborne, Dorset

The Bold Grenadier (Henry Hammond Manuscript Collection HAM/2/6/25)

Mrs Poole, June 1906 in Beaminister, Dorset

The Bold Grenadier (Henry Hammond Manuscript Collection HAM/4/22/5)

J. Newman 1907 in Dorset

The Lady And The Grenadier (Henry Hammond Manuscript Collection HAM/5/35/12)

Marina Russell, Jan/Febr 1907 in Upwey, Dorset

Solider And The Lady (Henry Hammond Manuscript Collection HAM/5/33/17)



Lyrics and tune were included in "Lonesome Tunes (Folk songs from the Kentucky Mountains)" with words collected and edited by Loraine Wyman / pianoforte accompaniment by Howard Brockway)  published in 1916 by H.W. Gray Co., New York
These lyrics and the tune were used by Jo Stafford in 1947 for her version of "The Nightingale".
These lyrics, combined with a new original tune were used by Bill Keith and Jim Rooney in 1963 for their version of "One Morning In May", covered by James Taylor on his 1972 album One Man Dog, and by The Country Gentlemen on their eponymous 1973 album.
The tune combined with new original lyrics was used by Dominic Behan when he recorded "The Patriot Game" and Bob Dylan used the same tune combined with his own lyrics when he wrote and recorded "With God on Our Side".




https://archive.org/stream/LonesomeTunes#page/n79/mode/2up

https://archive.org/stream/LonesomeTunes#page/n81/mode/2up

https://archive.org/stream/LonesomeTunes#page/n83/mode/2up



Lyrics and a different tune also collected in 1917 by Cecil Sharp and published in "Folk-songs of English origin in the Appalachian Mountains" published in 1921.





https://archive.org/stream/folksongsofengli00shar#page/38/mode/2up

https://archive.org/stream/folksongsofengli00shar#page/n77/mode/2up



The lyrics of "The Nightingale" also appear in "Song Ballads and Other Songs of the Pine Mountain Settlement School  (APRIL 1923)

1923_ballad_bk_057 - PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL COLLECTIONS

1923_ballad_bk_058 - PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL COLLECTIONS

The corresponding tune was found in "Lonesome Tunes" (1916) (see there)

1923_ballad_bk_005 - PINE MOUNTAIN SETTLEMENT SCHOOL COLLECTIONS

The Nightingale (Roud Folksong Index S297647)


In 1917 Cecil Sharp made a trip to the USA, where he collected 1 version from Tennessee and 7 versions from Kentucky.

Chester Lewis, April 25, 1917, Harrogate, Tennessee / Harlan County, KY

The Nightingale (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/9/2654)

Mrs. Poff, May 17, 1917, Barbourville, KY

The Nightingale (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/3644)

J.L. Baker, May 27, 1917, Berea, KY

The Nightingale (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/3738)

Mary Ann Short, August 29, 1917, Pine Mountain, KY

The Nightingale (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/3937)

Kate Thomas, September 12, 1917, St. Helen's, KY

The Nightingale (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/9/2896)

The Nightingale (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/4020)

Margaret Dunagan, September 12, 1917, St. Helen's, KY

The Nightingale (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/4021)

Girls at Hindman school, September 20, 1917, Hindman, KY

The Nightingale (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/4064)

Leona Melton, October 2, 1917, Hyden, KY

The Nightingale (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/9/2944)

The Nightingale (Cecil Sharp Manuscript Collection (at Clare College, Cambridge) CJS2/10/4110)



These versions with lyrics and tune were included in "English Folk Songs from the Southern Appalachians vol 2" (including 39 tunes collected by Olive Dame Campbell) and published in 1932.











Lyrics also appeared in 1927 in The American Songbag by Carl Sandburg, having come through Gilbert Raynolds Combs.



One Morning in May (Roud Folksong Index S186613)

https://archive.org/stream/americansongbag029895mbp#page/n163/mode/2up



RECORDED VERSIONS

Here's audio of 5 versions from the James Madison Carpenter Collection, recorded between 1927 and c.1943
First one is a cylinder recording of a Summer School Singer.

Listen here: [Hear the Nightingale Sing] (VWML Song Index SN15231)

Browse the Collection

Second one is also a cylinder recording of Duncan Bell ? (Duncan Bell ?)

Listen here: [Nightingale, The] (VWML Song Index SN19007)

Browse the Collection

Third one is a disc recording of a Summer School Singer



Fourth one is another disc recording of a Summer School Singer

Listen here: Hear the Nightingale Sing (VWML Song Index SN15710)


Fifth one is a disc recording of  Bell Duncan ? (Duncan Bell ?)

[Nightingale, The] (VWML Song Index SN16579)

Browse the Collection



(c) Alec Moore (1934)  (as "The Wild Rippling Water")
Recorded in November 1934 in Austin, Texas by John A. Lomax.
Alec Moore was a crippled retired cowboy, when recorded, was selling ice-cream in the streets of Austin.

The Wild Rippling Water (Roud Folksong Index S265761)

The wild rippling water | Library of Congress



(c) Aunt Molly Jackson (1935)  (as "One Morning in May")
Recorded in March 1935 in Wilton, Conn. by John A. Lomax.
Most of the lyrics and the tune are copied from Alec Moore's 1934 version of "Wild Rippling Water"

This version by Molly Jackson employs the same tune used in 1945 by Woody Guthrie, when he recorded "1913 Massacre" and by Bob Dylan in 1962, when he recorded "Song to Woody"

One morning in May (Brave volunteer) | Library of Congress

One Morning In May · Alan Lomax Kentucky Recordings

Listen here: https://ia801303.us.archive.org/25/items/afc1935002_0073B1/163.mp3



(c) Bill Cox (1937)  (as "Fiddling Soldier")
Recorded November 18, 1936 in New York,
Released on Melotone 7-08-70



Bill Cox And Cliff Hobbs - Fiddling Soldier / Sally Let Your Bangs Hang Down (Shellac) at Discogs

78 RPM - Bill Cox And Cliff Hobbs - Fiddling Soldier / Sally Let Your Bangs Hang Down - Melotone - USA - 7-08-70



(c) Marvin E. Thornton (1938)  (as "The Soldier and the Lady")
with guitar, banjo and fiddle by group from Fort Thomas, Ky
Recorded by Elizabeth and Alan Lomax in March 1938 in Cincinnati, Ohio

The soldier and the lady | Library of Congress






(c) Coon Creek Girls (1938)  (as "The Soldier and the Lady)
Recorded May 30, 1938 in Chicago, IL
Released on Vocalion 04504



Coon Creek Girls* - The Soldier And The Lady / Lulu Lee (Shellac) at Discogs





(c) Mrs. G.A. Griffin (1939)  (as "The Walls of Jericho")
Recorded in June 1, 1939 in Newberry, Florida by John A. and Ruby T. Lomax.

The walls of Jericho | Library of Congress

Listen here:





(c) John Jacob Niles (1941)  (as "One Morning in May (The Nightingale)")
Contained on the album American Folk Lore (Volume 3)
Released in October 1941 on the RCA Red Seal label (#824).
This album-set contained four 78's with the following songs:
 2171 You got to cross that lonesome valley / The lass from the low countree ;
 2172 Black is the color of my true love's hair / 1 Go 'way from my window 2 One morning in May ;   2173 The wife of Usher's Well ;
 18087 The death of Queen Jane ; Little Mattie Groves

John Jacob Niles : American Folk Singer | Discography and Bibliography

John Jacob Niles - American Folk Lore Vol. 3 (Shellac, Album) at Discogs

Niles used the lyrics from "Lonesome Tunes", to a different tune.

Listen here:



Or here: Black is the Color of My True Love's Hair; 1. Go 'Way from My Window; 2. One Morning in May : J. J. Niles : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive



(c) Jo Stafford (1947)  (as "The Nightingale")
with the Paul Weston Orchestra
Recorded October 31, 1947
Matrix #2405
Released on the album "American Folk Songs"(Capitol CC-75)

Jo Stafford Discography - Capitol CC-75

American Folk Songs - Wikipedia

Jo Stafford - Jo Stafford Sings American Folk Songs (Shellac, Album) at Discogs

Jo Stafford used the lyrics and tune from "Lonesome Tunes (Folk songs from the Kentucky Mountains)" with words collected and edited by Loraine Wyman / pianoforte accompaniment by Howard Brockway)  published in 1916 by H.W. Gray Co., New York
The tune sung by Jo Stafford was used a decade later by Dominic Behan when he recorded "The Patriot Game" and Bob Dylan used the same tune a few years later when he wrote and recorded "With God on Our Side".

Listen here:





(c) Bob Atcher (1949)  (as "The Nightingale")
Recorded November 1, 1948
Released on Columbia 20608

Bob Atcher - The Nightingale ~ I'll Remember You Love In My Prayers (Shellac) at Discogs

Listen here:






(c) Frank and Rena Trammell (1950)  (as "One Morning In May")
Recorded January 11, 1950 in Fayetteville, Arkansas

Listen here:  One morning in May :: Ozark Folksong Collection



(c) Jean Ritchie (1952)  (as "One Morning In May")
Jean Ritchie recorded 2 versions for the album below.

Jean Ritchie - Jean Ritchie Jean Ritchie Singing The Traditional Songs Of Her Kentucky Mountain Family (Vinyl, LP) at Discogs

Vinyl Album - Jean Ritchie - Singing The Traditional Songs Of Her Kentucky Mountain Family - Elektra - USA

First version:



Second version:





(c) Luke Stanley (1954)  (as "The Bold Grenadier")
Recordings of the Plough Play (a Mummer's Play performed on Plough Monday, the first Monday after Twelfth Night) in Barrow-On-Humber (Lincolnshire), East Midlands (England), January 1954

Listen here: The Bold Grenadier



(c) Alan Lomax (1958)  (as "The Wild Rippling Water")

Alan Lomax - Texas Folk Songs (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

Alan Lomax - Texas Folk Songs: Tradition Records at the Clancy Brothers and Tommy Makem

FROM THE LINER NOTES OF THE ALBUM ABOVE:
THE WILD RIPPLING WATER, from the book, "Cowboy Songs and Other Frontier Ballads" (1938)(page 181), and the singing of Alec Moore in 1934. This western form of the popular English ballad, "The Soldier and the Lady", shows how freely western singers treated the traditional ballads they brought with them into the plains. The soldier (sometimes sailor) comes a cowboy from Arizona; his fiddle reminds the girl of the English nightingale, whose song was never heard on the western plains.

Listen here:





(c) Neil Morris (1959)  (as "The Irish Soldier And The English Lady (The Nightingale Song)")
This is an Alan Lomax recording.
Recorded October 1959, probably at the home of Neal Morris in Timbo (Stone County), Arkansas (United States)
Introduction to song - discusses learning it from his grandmother who learned it from her grandmother and her (the great-great grandmother and the song's) Scottish roots.

Introduction

Listen here: The Irish Soldier and the English Lady (The Nightingale Song)

Released in 1960 on the album "Folk Songs From The Ozarks" (Prestige Int. INT-DS-25006)

Vinyl Album - Various Artists - Folk Songs From The Ozarks - Prestige International - USA



(c) (Bill) Keith and (Jim) Rooney (1963)  (as "One Moring in May")
In 1963 Jim Rooney wrote a new arrangement for this traditional song.
This version was the inspiration for James Taylor's version in 1972.

45cat - Keith And Rooney - One Morning In May / Livin' On - Prestige / International - USA - 45-1602

Vinyl Album - Bill Keith And Jim Rooney - Livin' On The Mountain - Prestige Folklore - USA

Listen here:





(c) Ian Campbell Folk Group (1963)  (as "To Hear the Nightingale Sing")

The Ian Campbell Folk Group - This is the Ian Campbell Folk Group: at theBalladeers





(c) Tom Paley and Claudia Paley (1964)  (as "The Fiddling Soldier")

Peggy Seeger And Tom Paley With Claudia Paley - Who's Going To Shoe Your Pretty Little Foot? Who's Going To Glove Your Hand? (Vinyl, LP) at Discogs

Peggy Seeger

Listen here:





(c) Dubliners (1964)  (as "The Nightingale")
Recorded live before an invited audience at London's Livingston Studios in late 1963.

The Dubliners - The Dubliners (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs





(c) Judy Collins (1964)  (as "Wild Rippling Water")
Recorded March 21, 1964 at the Town Hall, New York City

The Judy Collins Concert - Wikipedia

Listen here:





(c) New Lost City Ramblers (1965) (as "The Soldier And The Lady")

Vinyl Album - The New Lost City Ramblers - Rural Delivery No. 1 - Verve Folkways - USA

The New Lost City Ramblers - Rural Delivery No. 1 (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

Listen here:





A version of the song sung by Isla Cameron is used in the 1967 film "Far From the Madding Crowd".

Vinyl Album - Original Soundtrack - Far From The Madding Crowd - MGM - USA

Listen here:





(c) James Taylor (1972)  (as "One Morning In May")
with Linda Ronstadt on second voice.
Copying his Boston buddies Bill Keith and Jim Rooney (who recorded this in 1963)

James Taylor (2) - One Man Dog (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs

Listen here:





(c) The Broadside from Grimsby (1973)  (as "The Bold Grenadier")

The Broadside from Grimsby sang The Bold Grenadier in 1973 on their Topic album of songs and ballads collected in Lincolnshire, The Moon Shone Bright. They commented in their liner notes: […] from the singing of Luther (Luke) Stanley of Barrow-on-Humber [as collected by Ethel Rudkin in 1957]. It is often called The Soldier and the Lady. Freud would have been interested in its symbolism. Luke's tune is a member of the Polly Oliver family. John Conolly sings it here in the ornamented style of Joseph Taylor.

The Broadside from Grimsby

Listen here:





(c) Jacqui McShee's Pentangle (1998) (as "The Nightingale")

Jacqui McShee's Pentangle* - Passe Avant (CD, Album) at Discogs






There is a wide range in the music used with this song. For example, the version recorded by Jo Stafford in 1947 (as "The Nightingale") employs the same tune used in 1959 by Dominic Behan, when he recorded "The Patriot Game" and by Bob Dylan in 1963, when he recorded "With God on Our Side".

Listen here:







Another version by Molly Jackson (1935) (as "One Morning in May") and Marvin E. Thornton (1938) and  the Coon Creek Girls in 1938 (both as "The Soldier and the Lady") employs the same tune used in 1945 by Woody Guthrie, when he recorded "1913 Massacre" and by Bob Dylan in 1962 when and recorded "Song to Woody"

Listen here:








One Morning in May (folk song) - Wikipedia

One Morning in May (To Hear the Nightingale Sing) [Laws P14]

One Morning in May / To Hear the Nightingale Sing / The Soldier and the Lady (Roud 140; Laws P14)

Folk Music Index - Om to One N

The Originals © by Arnold Rypens - BOLD GRENADIER, The

The Originals © by Arnold Rypens - NIGHTINGALE, THE

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