donderdag 17 november 2016
Jarabe Tapatio (1924) / Mexican Hat Dance (1933) / Mexican Hat Rock(1958) / De Hoedendans (1963)
Mexican dance developped during the revolution and holding elements from every part of the country (Jalisco, Yucatan, Michoacan, Puebla, Mexico City), performed in typical outfit (china poblana for the girl, charro suit for the boy).
The dance represents the courtship of a man and a woman, with the woman first rejecting the man’s advances, then eventually accepting them.
Halfway through the routine te man throws his sombrero on the floor, his girlfriend picks it up.
The next film was taken by American tourists in Mexico in the late 1920's. It shows performers wearing traditional clothing and performing the Jarabe Tapatio, or Mexican Hat Dance. This dance starts at 20 seconds in the Youtube below.
There is some debate regarding when El Jarabe Tapatío was first compiled. Some attribute it to a professor of music in Guadalajara, Jesús González Rubio (d. 1874 ), who purportedly compiled numerous jarabes, including an arrangement he made of Jarabe Tapatío.
A written reference of the melody is the issuance of a Mexican copyright on July 8, 1919, for Jarabe Tapatio, arranged by Felipe Alonso Partichela, and published by Wagner y Levien, Sucrs., Mexico city.
The original receipt no. 667 for the copyright has been seen at Promotora Hispano Americana de Musica, S.A., Mexico city. No copy of this printing of Jarabe Tapatio has been found, but is believed to be the same as the Partichela arrangement published as Mexican Hat Dance--Popular Jarabe Tapatio in 1933 by Edward B. Marks music Corporation, New York
One music researcher determined that the earliest known printing of he melody is in sheet music entitled Jarabe Tapatio, arreglo para piano por Antonio Macias C., and published November 2, 1916 by Edmundo C. Arguelles, El Paso, Texas. Front cover is gray and black, m. on pp. 1-3 p.n. 32. LC (copyright copy deposited November 25 1916). The copyright records also state that the arranger, Antonio Macias, is a citizen of Mexico, domiciled in El Paso.
There may be other earlier versions too, for example, another arrangement was written by the Mexican composer Manuel Maria Ponce. Ponce used the "Mexican folk tune" Jarabe tapatio as thematic material in pieces he composed in 1911 called Rapsodia Mexicana I and in 1913 called Rapsodia Mexicana II.
Although all of these different versions and claims regarding the first publication date of El Jarabe Tapatío may be interesting, pinpointing an actual publication date may not really matter because most musicians consider El Jarabe Tapatío to be traditional Mexican folk music since it is a medley of popular songs such as:
Jarabe de Jalisco – a jarabe from the state of Jalisco
Jarabe del Atole – a well-known traditional jarabe from the late 1800's
Son del Palomo – one of Mexico's most well-known sones
a Jarana Yucateca – a popular dance style from the Yucatán Peninsula
Jarabe Moreliano – a jarabe from the state of Michoacán
La Diana – the final section of most jarabes
Some recordings of the song:
(c) Jesús Abrego and Leopoldo Picazo 1905 (El jarabe tapatío)
(c) Jesús Abrego and Leopoldo Picazo 1908 (El jarabe tapatío)
(c) Banda Cubana Mexicana 1924 (Jarabe Tapatio)
Recorded September 9, 1924 in New York.
Released on Okeh 16144
Also released on Vocalion 8667
(c) International Band (Nat Shilkret) 1925 (Jarabe tapatío)
Recorded Jamuary 27, 1925 in New York
Released on Victor 77926
(o) Banda Columbia (1925)
Released on Columbia 2090-X
(c) Vocalion Concert Band 1925 (Jarabe Tapatio)
Recorded June 29, 1925 in New York
Released on Vocalion 15070B
Also on Brunswick 40126 (as by Brunswick Concert Band)
And on Vocalion 8881 (as Banda Vocalion)
(c) Los Cancioneros del Bajío 1926
Recorded December 14, 1926 in Mexico City
(c) Orquesta Típica Mexicana "Anahuac" 1926
Recorded December 15, 1926 in Mexico City
Released on Victor 79174-B
(c) Quinteto Tipico Mexicano 1926 Jarabe Tapatio
Recorded December 1926 in New York
Released on Columbia 2570-X
(c) Banda De Policia De Mexico - Jarabe Tapatio 1928
Directed by Velino M Preza
Recorded May 1928 in Mexico City
Released on Brunswick 40402
(c) Orquesta Posadas 1929 (Jarabe Tapatio)
(c) Orquesta Pajaro Azul 1934 (Popular Jarabe Tapatio)
Recorded March 26, 1934 in the Texas Hotel in San Antonia, Texas
Released on Bluebird B-2225
Alo released on Bluebird 5747 (as by Bluebird Orchestra)
(c) Mexican Dance Orchestra conducted by Manuel S. Acuna (1938)
Recorded April 6, 1938 in Los |Angeles
Released on Decca 2167
In 1946 Manuel S. Acuna also recorded a version on the Imperial label:
(c) Les Brown and his Orchestra 1941 (Mexican Hat Dance)
Recorded September 17, 1941
Released on Okeh 6696 in 1941
And a few years later on Columbia 37349
(c) Xavier Cugat And His Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra 1944 Jarabe Tapatio (Mexican Hat Dance)
Recorded April 2, 1942
Released on Columbia 36697
(c) Noël De Selva And His Pan-American Orchestra 1946 (Mexican Hat Dance)
(c) Al Sack And His Orchestra 1946 (Mexican Hat Dance)
Rereleased on the TOPS label
(c) Camille Howard 1949 (Fiesta In Old Mexico)
(c) The Applejacks 1958 (Mexican Hat Rock)
In fact "Mexican Hat Rock" is a combination of "La Raspa" (another Mexican traditional) and "Jarabe Tapatio".
(c) Manuel and His Music of the Mountains 1962
(c) De Spelbrekers 1963 (De Hoedendans) (Mexican Hat Dance)
Mexican Hat Dance was occasionally noodled by the Grateful Dead during tuning and delays.
(c) Brave Combo (1997) (Mexican Hat Dance)
In fact Brave combo's "Mexican Hat Dance" is sort of a cover-version of the Apllejack's "Mexican Hat Rock" (with the "La Raspa" quote)
Listen to a sample here:
Rafael Herrera Robinson sings "Jarabe Tapatio" (Mexican Hat Dance) on Edison Gold Moulded Record 18508, recorded in 1904, but this has a different melody.
Rafael also recorded the song for the Columbia label in 1908 (Disco Columbia - C191)