woensdag 16 april 2014
Rose of Alabama (1846) / Oh! Susanna (1848) / O! Susanna (1917) / Banjo Song (1963) / Venus (1969)
In 1846, Stephen Foster moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, and became a bookkeeper with his brother's steamship company. While in Cincinnati, Foster wrote "Oh! Susanna", possibly for his men's social club. The song was first performed by a local quintet at a concert in Andrews' Eagle Ice Cream Saloon in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on September 11, 1847. It was first published by W. C. Peters & Co. in Cincinnati in 1848., who bought the song for $100, but before they could publish it, it was pirated by a New York publisher (C. Holt Jr.) who printed it with the name of Edwin P. Christy as author. Christy’s Minstrels were rapidly becoming the most popular group in the Bowery theater district of Manhattan, and were to be the chief performers of Foster’s minstrel songs in the 1850s.
Sung by G.N. Christy of the Christy Minstrels in 1848:
Other minstrel troupes performed the work, and, as was common at the time, many registered the song for copyright under their own names. As a result, it was copyrighted and published at least 21 times from February 25, 1848, through February 14, 1851.
Sheetmusic 1848 registered by J Turner !!?
Sheetmusic 1848 registered by Wells !!?
Sheetmusic 1848 registered by Edward L. White !!?
Glenn Weiser suggests the song was influenced by an existing work, "Rose of Alabama" (1846), with which it shares some similarities in lyrical theme and musical structure.
SEE HERE: http://www.celticguitarmusic.com/Foster.htm
But back to Susanna: here's the first recording I could find:
(o) Harry C. Browne and Peerless Quartette (1917) (as "O! Susanna")
Recorded in New York on October 6, 1916
Released on Columbia A 2218
(c) The Great White Way Orchestra (1923) under the direction of Hugo Frey
Billy Murray (tenor vocal)
Albert Campbell (tenor vocal)
John H. Meyer (bass vocal)
Recorded June 22, 1923
Released on Victor 19125
(c) Criterion Quartet (1924) (as "Oh! Susanna")
Baritone vocal George W. Reardon
Bass vocal Donald Chalmers
Tenor vocal John Young , Horatio Rench
Recorded October 10, 1923
Released on Edison 51295
(c) Riley Puckett (1924) acc own banjo.
Recorded September 11, 1924
Released on Columbia 15014-D.
Also released on Harmony 5140-H
And (as Tom Watson) on Silvertone 3261.
(c) Chubby Parker, vocal and whistling; acc. own tbj.
Recorded in Chicago, IL c. April 2, 1927
Released on Gennet 6097, Champion 15278, Silvertone 5013, 25013, Supertone 9191, Herwin 75548
(c) Dalhart-Robison-Hood (1927) ("Oh Susanna")
Dalhart, Robison & Hood, vocal trio;
acc. Adelyne Hood, fiddle; Vernon Dalhart, harmonica and jew's harp; unknown, banjo; Carson Robison, guitar.
Recorded in New York, NY on October 27, 1927
Released on Banner 6137, Domino 4068, Jewel 5159, Oriole 1083, Regal 8450, Challenge 559, Conqueror 7063, Paramount 3075, Broadway 8066, Apex 8688, Lucky Strike 24152, Microphone 22230, Ruby 71034, Sterling 281034
(c) Vernon Dalhart–Carson Robison–Adelyne Hood (1927)
Vernon Dalhart–Carson Robison–Adelyne Hood, vocal trio;
acc. Adelyne Hood, f; Vernon Dalhart, h/jh; William Carlino, bj; Carson Robison, g;
Recorded in New York, NY on November 15, 1927
(c) Vernon Dalhart (1927)
Vernon Dalhart, v;
acc. Adelyne Hood, f; Vernon Dalhart, h/jh/ poss. William Carlino, bj; Carson Robison, guitar.
Recorded in New York, NY on December 20, 1927
Released on Cameo 8116, Lincoln 2770 and Romeo 539
(c) Dalhart–Robison–Hood, v trio;
acc. Adelyne Hood, f; Vernon Dalhart, h; poss. William Carlino, bj; Carson Robison, g.
Recorded in New York, NY on December 20, 1927
Released on Pathe 32326 and on Perfect 12405
And in the UK on Pathe Perfect P 420
(c) Vaughn De Leath (1929)
Recorded September 6, 1928
Released on Edison 11037
And on Edison 52651
(c) Philadelphia Orchestra - Leopold Stokowsky (1929)
Recorded May 1, 1929
(c) Don Charles presents The Singing Dogs directed by Carl Weisman. (1955)
Here are The Singing Dogs "barking" Oh! Susanna.
The "A" side of RCA-Victor record number 20-6344 from 1955.
(c) Pete Seeger (1958) (as "Oh Susanna")
On the album "American Favorite Ballads Vol. 2"
(c) Big Three (1963) (as "The Banjo Song")
Tim Rose wrote a new arrangement for "Oh Susanna".
This same arrangement was cleverly used in 1969 by Robbie van Leeuwen to "write" his blockbuster "Venus".
(c) Byrds (1965) (as "Oh! Susanna")
A humorous recording of "Oh! Susanna" was the last track on the second album by The Byrds, Turn! Turn! Turn!, in 1965
(c) James Taylor (1970)
James Taylor also included a version of the song on his second album, Sweet Baby James, in 1970.
(c) Taj Mahal (1971)
On the album "Happy Just to Be Like I Am"
(c) Michelle Shocked & Pete Anderson (2004)
On the album "The Songs Of Stephen Foster"
(c) Carly Simon (2007)
On the album "Into White".
(c) Neil Young and Crazy Horse (2012)
Neil Young and Crazy Horse used Tim Rose's arrangement of "Oh Susanna" (see here above "Banjo Song" by the Big Three 1963)